|Year : 1968 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 176-177
Eye accidents - causes and control
India Piston Ltd. Madras, India
|Date of Web Publication||24-Dec-2007|
India Piston Ltd. Madras
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Koteeswaran M. Eye accidents - causes and control. Indian J Ophthalmol 1968;16:176-7
The best resource that an organisation can possess is its men. The Management wants uninterrupted production and supply of quality goods. Therefore, apart from moral or social obligation, to keep up production line tight, modern management has adopted Safety Programmes as part of its philosophy.
No worker desires to invite injury for the explicit sake of compensation. But then the mounting rate of accidents is incompatible. Yet the reason lies on the surface. The programme does not end with supply of protective equipment, which should be proper; nor with wearing of the same, they should be properly used. Again, the equipment supplied should suit the requirements with respect to the nature of job, and environment.
Easily, eye accidents are the most serious, only next to electricity. This is clear as the American Standard Scale of compiling Industrial Injury Rates equate Death and loss of eye sight and awards the same compensation.
| Causes|| |
In a complex organisation like ours, we have found the following causes for eye accidents:
- Dust including minute particles of sand and iron.
- Molten metal splashing while pouring into laddles.
- Goggles not being worn all the time.
- Generally hot atmosphere in foundries.
In Machine Shop:
- Flying chips from lathe, shapers milling and drilling machines
- General tendency of the worker to lean over the job
- Not using goggles
- Not using guards
In general using goggles or guards improper or improperly.
During 1964, 1965 and 1966 we found that respectively 27.7%, 32.6% and 34.4% of accidents were due to foreign body entering into eyes. In 1966 alone, we lost about 871 man days and expenditure involved to our treasurer was around Rs. 5,226/-. The percentage of eye accidents compared to total number of accidents was 34.3, quite above the percentage of state figures.
What are the reasons:
- It is high time we take note of the fact that there is no standard fixed for the protective equipment. ISI should immediately take up this seriously and standardise protective equipment for various jobs. This is particularly so, for the same type of goggles will not suit both in foundries and machine shops or even in different departments of the same division.
- The absence of such standard, has done enough damage already to the working mass. The best employer, at best can supply the best or the costliest that is available in the market. But he cannot assure of the fitness of quality of the goods he is procuring. He deals in a seller's market. For example, we buy a pair of goggles at the rate of Rs. 16 or 17, but still we are receiving complaints like prolonged wear causing headache, blurring of vision etc.
- Varieties of goggles should be available in the market to meet specific requirement. The non-availability of such a thing does not help the community on the whole.
| Remedy|| |
- ESI should include safety equipment in their field.
- Only authorised people and ES1 passed quality manufacturers should be allowed to practise in this trade.
- The Factories' Advisers and Inspectorate of the States should periodically review the reports on such equipment and inform those interested, about the goods available in the market.
- ESI should exercise more vigilence in case of eye accidents and take it up as a separate scheme to study the pattern and seriousness of the accidents in collaboration with the Inspectorate.
- ESI should also make it a point to conduct eye test, at least once in a year on every employee under its fold. This will throw a further beam of light on the working condition and strain imparted on the employees eyes. By this, occupational hazard if any can also be formed out.
- After this study along with Inspectorate, the ESI Doctors can visit the factory concerned and suitably advise the measures to be adopted.
- Attempt to force the employee to wear goggles always, immaterial of the other existing conditions should be the last thing to be resorted to, for Safety should start at the source of hazard.
- We have succeeded in reducing the eye accidents in Foundries by 90% by introducing channelised exhaust system, individual machine exhaust driven by fractional H.P. motors, air circulators and free supply of best and most suitable goggles available in the market and strict supervision over the safety principles. We have an organised safety scheme in operation.