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   Table of Contents      
Year : 1977  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 45-46

Developmental vitreous cyst

Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
D N Gangwar
Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 614273

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How to cite this article:
Gangwar D N, Jain I S, Dhir S P, Chopra M L. Developmental vitreous cyst. Indian J Ophthalmol 1977;25:45-6

How to cite this URL:
Gangwar D N, Jain I S, Dhir S P, Chopra M L. Developmental vitreous cyst. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1977 [cited 2020 May 31];25:45-6. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1977/25/3/45/31271

Developmental cysts of the vitreous are so rarely seen and reported that they are regarded as ocular curiosities. We came across such a case which is being reported.

  Case Report Top

DP 21 years old male complained of a black spot in front of the left eye for the last one year. It had appeard suddenly and ever since moved to various parts of the field of vision, without any change in its size.

On ocular examination the right eye was normal with a visual acuity of 6/6 unaided. Left eye also had a visual acuity of 6/6 but was reduced considerably when the black object moved in front of the fixation spot. Examination of anterior segment was normal. On ophthalmoscopic examination a large rounded cyst was seen moving slowly in the vitreous with the movement of the eyeball [Figure - 1]. The cyst had the tendency to settle down at the dependent portion of eyeball. On slit lamp examination the cyst was translucent with pigment sprinkled all over the surface. The appearance was very much like a motion picture satellite in space. It rotated very gently with the ocular movements. The cyst was free and no attachment was seen at any pole. Vitreous was healthy. Fundus otherwise normal. Intraocular pressure was normal, Casoni's skin test was negative and serology for cysticercosis by indirect haemagglutination test was also negative.

Patient was diagnosed as a case of developmental vitreous cyst and was followed for a period of ten months without any change in the clinical picture.

  Comments Top

The sudden detection of a large cyst in the vitreous without any retinal or chorodal patho­logy and negative tests for hydatid and cysti­cercosis pointed to the possibility of a develop­mental cyst. Further the cyst was translucent and no movement of any scolex was seen with­in. The outer surface of the cyst was sprink­led with brown pigment most likely uveal pigment. It is quite possible that the cyst had developed in the pars ciliaris of the retina and detached suddenly to appear in the vitreous as has been claimed by Purper[3]. The appearance of the case was very similar to the one reported by Elkington and Watson[2]. Developmental cysts of the vitreous has never been reported from this country earlier.

  Summary Top

A rare developmental cyst of the vitreous in a young male has been reported.

  References Top

Duke Elder, S, 1964., System of Ophthalmology, 13. Pt 2, 763. Kimpton, London.  Back to cited text no. 1
Elkington, A.R. & Watson, D.M., 1974, Brit.J, Ophthal. 58,105.  Back to cited text no. 2
Purper, H. 1950, Klin Mbl.Augenheilk, 116,85.  Back to cited text no. 3


  [Figure - 1]


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