|Year : 1983 | Volume
| Issue : 7 | Page : 1013-1015
Renal function in diabetic retinopathy
14, Kanchan Bagh, South Tukoganj, Indore, India
S R Khasgiwala
14, Kanchan Bagh, South Tukogauj, Indore
|How to cite this article:|
Khasgiwala S R. Renal function in diabetic retinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol 1983;31:1013-5
Diabetic retinopathy may be simple or poliferative. It would be interesting to find out relationship of kidney damage to type of retinopathy. It is with this background that this study was undertaken in which the retinopathy and renal functions biochemistry have been studied. This preliminary study may explain why controlled cases of diabetes may also develop retinopathy as if this is due to some hypertension and kidney damage.
This paper presents preliminary studywith follow up of 2 years which is a very short duration to co-relate the findings and emphasise them.
| Materials and methods|| |
217 cases of established Diabetes of more than 4 years duration maximum duration 30 years, are taken in this study. All the cases were on regular antidiabetic treatment, but not necessarily controlled. Regular blood pressure was also recorded on each visit. Fasting blood sugar was the only criteria for controlled or uncontrolled patients. Urine sugar and albunim was also regularly examined at 3 months interval. Urea and creatinine was estimated in only those cases where albumin was present.
All the patients were divided in two age groups as per the first detection of diabetes i.e; below 40 years & above 40 years.
1. Males are thrice more commonly having diabetes
2. Juvenile diabetes was mostly found in males.
3. 68% of the patients had their blood sugar level 130 mgm to 160 mgm% inspite of treatment.
4. In retinopathy cases also blood sugar in most of the cases was between 130 to 160 mgm% group.
5. Retinopathy was seen in 33% males.
6. Retinopathy was 59% below the age group of 40 yrs.
7. More than 50% of retinopathy was proliferative.
8. Retinopathy was twice more common in hypertensives.
9. Albumin in urine was more commonly present in under 40 years of age group.
10. Albumin-urea was common in proliferative retinopathy.
[Table - 1], [Table - 2], [Table - 3], [Table - 4], [Table - 5], [Table - 6], [Table - 7], [Table - 8], [Table - 9]