Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 2064
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page

   Table of Contents      
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 1989  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-172

Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India


2-Shahmina Road, Lucknow - 226 003, U.P., India

Correspondence Address:
V B Pratap
2-Shahmina Road, Lucknow - 226 003, U.P.
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 2638303

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions
  Abstract 

In this study, 3,490 children were examined to know the pattern of ocular problems in children in this part of the country. It showed that heritable diseases were quite prevalent, i.e., 41.49%. In this group refractive error, nasolacrimal duct block, and primary squint were most common, while in the non-heritable group various types of conjunctivitis, trauma, foreign bodies, blepharitis and nutritional diseases were most prevalent.


How to cite this article:
Pratap V B, Lal H B. Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol 1989;37:171-2

How to cite this URL:
Pratap V B, Lal H B. Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1989 [cited 2020 May 25];37:171-2. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1989/37/4/171/26056



Click here to view


Click here to view


Click here to view


Click here to view

  Introduction Top


Review of literature does not reveal any study like prevalance or pattern of spectrum of ocular problems in childhood specially in our country. Prevalance and spectrum of ocular problems not only vary from country to country but also from region to region in the same country. It may be due to environmental, climatic, racial, socio-economic and literacy factors. In this study we are presenting the pattern of paediatric ocular problems on the basis of studies conducted in all the 3490 children who attended our children's eye care centre in the last 18 months.


  Materials and methods Top


All the 3490 children who attended our children's eye care centre were subjected to detailed history, ocular and systemic examination. Family history and pedigree was also recorded where ever it was possible.


  Observations Top


All the 3490 cases were divided into two groups:




  Discussion Top


Our study showed that heritable diseases which were quite prevalent (41.49%) not only in this part but also in other part of the world, i.e. England and Wales 50%, Canada 62% and Russia 22% only one study by Kapoor and Kapoor (1977) [2], from Pondicherry (South India) has shown the prevalence of blindness due to heritable diseases.

Acute conjunctivitis, trauma, corneal lesion and foreign body were the main problems in non-heritable group. This appeared mainly in low income group children possibly due to poor hygienic and illiteracy, while in the heritable group, refractive error, non-canalisation of the lacrymal duct and primary squint were the main prob­lems.

 
  References Top

1.
Sorsby. A. "The incidence and causes of blindess" Brit. J. Ophthal., Suppl.,14,1950.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Kapoor S and Kapoor M (1977), Congenital Ocular Anamolies in Pondicherry. J. Paediatric Ophthal., 14 (6): 382-9, Nov. - Dec., 1977.  Back to cited text no. 2
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table - 1], [Table - 2]


This article has been cited by
1 Childhood eye diseases in southwestern Nigeria: A tertiary hospital study
Onakpoya, O.H., Adeoye, A.O.
Clinics. 2009; 64(10): 947-951
[Pubmed]
2 Ocular morbidity prevalence among school children in Shimla, Himachal, North India
Gupta, M., Gupta, B.P., Chauhan, A., Bhardwaj, A.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2009; 57(2): 133-138
[Pubmed]
3 The natural history of epiphora in childhood
Maini, R., MacEwen, C.J., Young, J.D.H.
Eye. 1998; 12(4): 669-671
[Pubmed]
4 The importance of prenatal factors in childhood blindness in India
Rahi, J.S., Sripathi, S., Gilbert, C.E., Foster, A.
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 1997; 39(7): 449-455
[Pubmed]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
Materials and me...
Observations
Discussion
References
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2540    
    Printed107    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal