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CURRENT OPHTHALMOLOGY
Year : 1996  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 191-206

Fluid vitreous substitutes in vitreo retinal surgery


1 Department of Ophthalmology, K.G. Medical College, Lucknow, U.P, India
2 Vision Research Foundation, Madras, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandeep Saxena
Dept. of Ophthalmology, K.G. Medical College, Lucknow, U.P
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 9251263

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Advances in the surgical instrumentation and vitreoretinal techniques have allowed intraoperative reapproximation of retina to a more normal position. The use of intravitreally injected liquid materials (viscoelastic liquids, liquid perfluorocarbons and silicone oil), as adjunctive agents to vitreo-retinal surgery play an important role in facilitating retinal reattachment. These materials are used as intraoperative instruments to re-establish intraocular volume, assist in separating membranes adherent to the retina, manipulate retinal detachments and mechanically flatten detached retina. Over the longer term, silicone oil maintains intraocular tamponade. One should be cognizant of the potential uses, benefits and risks of each of these vitreous substitutes.


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