| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2004 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 121-5
Pattern of Uveitis in a Referral Eye Clinic in North India
R Singh, V Gupta, A Gupta
Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Eudcation and Research, Chandigarh, India
Purpose: To report the pattern of uveitis in a north Indian tertiary eye center.
Methods: A retrospective study was done to identify the pattern of uveitis in a uveitis clinic population of a major referral center in north India from January 1996 to June 2001. A standard clinical protocol, the "naming and meshing" approach with tailored laboratory investigations, was used for the final diagnosis.
Results: 1233 patients were included in the study; 641 (51.98%) were males and 592 (48.01%) females ranging in age from 1.5 to 75 years. The anterior uveitis was seen in 607 patients (49.23%) followed by posterior uveitis (247 patients, 20.23%), intermediate uveitis (198 patients, 16.06%) and panuveitis (181 patients, 14.68%). A specific diagnosis could be established in 602 patients (48.82%). The infective aetiology was seen in 179 patients, of which tuberculosis was the commonest cause in 125 patients followed by toxoplasmosis (21 patients, 11.7%). Non-infectious aetiology was seen in 423 patients, of which ankylosing spondylitis was the commonest cause in 80 patients followed by sepigionous choroidopathy (62 patients, 14.65%) .
Conclusion: Tuberculosis and toxoplasmosis were the commonest form of infective uveitis, while ankylosing spondylitis and serpiginous choroidopathy were commonly seen as the non-infective causes of uveitis in North India.
Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Eudcation and Research, Chandigarh
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