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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 345-6

Pattern of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in North India.

Correspondence Address:
A Salman

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 15693338

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How to cite this article:
Salman A, Parmar P. Pattern of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol 2004;52:345

How to cite this URL:
Salman A, Parmar P. Pattern of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2004 [cited 2020 Jun 3];52:345. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2004/52/4/345/14549

Dear Editor,

We refer to the article by Singh et al entitled "Patterns of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in north India.[1] The paper was particularly interesting as the pattern of uveitis in India often varies widely from that reported in western studies. We found the incidence of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (3 cases, 0.2%) in this study to be remarkably low. Although Biswas and coworkers also reported a rate of 0.16% human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related eye disease in their study on uveitis patterns in South India,[2] this study was done between 1992 and 1994 when the incidence of HIV infection was low. We currently see HIV-related eye disease more frequently at our hospital and also see an average of 5 to 10 cases of CMV retinitis every year. Other referral centres in India have also reported large numbers of patients with CMV retinitis (about 80 cases by Biswas et al and about 160 cases by Banker; data presented at the International Symposium on Intraocular Inflammation, March 1 and 2, 2003, Bangalore). HIV prevalence in north India may be lower than that in south India but is still significantly high as a recent study confirms.[3] Do the authors have any theories regarding the low incidence of CMV retinitis in their series?

We were also interested in learning about the patterns of uveitis in the paediatric population in this study. In southern Tamil Nadu, a paediatric uveitis often differs significantly from that seen in the adult population with a trematode-induced anterior uveitis accounting for a substantial number of children with uveitis.[4] Did the authors also encounter any particular types of uveitis in their paediatric population?

  References Top

Singh R, Gupta V, Gupta A. Pattern of uveitis in a referral eye clinic in north India. Indian J Ophthalmol 2004;52:121-25.  Back to cited text no. 1
Biswas J, Narain S, Das D, Ganesh SK. Pattern of uveitis in a referral uveitis clinic in India. Int Ophthalmol 1996;20:223-28.  Back to cited text no. 2
Arora DR, Gautam V, Sethi S, Arora B. A 16-year study of HIV seroprevance and HIV-related diseases in a teaching tertiary care hospital in India. Int J STD AIDS 2004;15:178-82.  Back to cited text no. 3
Rathinam SR, Usha KR, Rao NA. Presumed trematode-induced granulomatous anteior uveitis: A newly recognized cause of intraocular inflammation in children from south India. Am J Ophthalmol 2002;133:773-79.  Back to cited text no. 4

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