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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-125

Evaluation of distance and near stereoacuity and fusional vergence in intermittent exotropia


Strabismology Service, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029, India

Correspondence Address:
Pradeep Sharma
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Center for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.39116

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Aim: To evaluate the role of distance and near stereoacuity and fusional vergence in patients with intermittent exotropia [X(T)] and their change after surgery. Materials and Methods: This prospective interventional institution-based clinical study included 31 cases of X(T) requiring surgery and 33 age, sex-matched controls. All subjects underwent complete orthoptic assessment including near stereopsis (Randot stereogram) and distance stereopsis by polaroid stereo-projector apparatus using special paired slides and fusional vergence assessment at distance and near prism bar at baseline and one week, one month, three months and six months after surgery in X(T). Results: The successful surgical alignment rate was 74.2%. Preoperatively, cases demonstrated significantly poor distance and near stereoacuity, compared to controls ( P < 0.001). Mean distance stereoacuity (sec of arc) in normals, (X)T preoperatively and postoperatively was 344.8 139.5, 1149.2 789.4 and 450.1 259 while mean near stereoacuity was 34.7 9.5, 68.7 31.1 and 47.4 22.6 respectively. Postoperatively at six months, significant improvement in stereoacuity was observed both at near and distance ( P < 0.05). Mean distance fusional convergence (in prism diopter) in normals, X(T) preoperatively and postoperatively was 20.7 4.7, 18.0 3.3 and 21.4 3.6 respectively, mean near fusional convergence was 27.8 6.3, 24.1 5.5 and 29.1 5.5 respectively. There was good correlation between fusional vergence amplitudes for distance and near indicating any one would suffice. Conclusion: Early detection of abnormal stereoacuity (near and if possible distance) and near fusional vergence amplitudes may help to decide proper timing of surgery in X(T).


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