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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 343

Retinitis pigmentosa associated with blepharophimosis, blue dot cataract and primary inferior oblique overaction


Guru Nanak Eye Centre, Maulana Azad Medical College, University of Delhi, New Delhi-110 002, India

Date of Web Publication19-Jun-2008

Correspondence Address:
Pramod Kumar Pandey
A-170, Pocket IV, Mayur Vihar, Phase I, Delhi - 110 091
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.41428

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How to cite this article:
Pandey PK, Vats P, Kaur N, Kulkarni AG. Retinitis pigmentosa associated with blepharophimosis, blue dot cataract and primary inferior oblique overaction. Indian J Ophthalmol 2008;56:343

How to cite this URL:
Pandey PK, Vats P, Kaur N, Kulkarni AG. Retinitis pigmentosa associated with blepharophimosis, blue dot cataract and primary inferior oblique overaction. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2008 [cited 2020 Apr 7];56:343. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2008/56/4/343/41428

Dear Editor,

We read with interest the report by Vedantham et al. [1] We would like to make certain observations regarding inclusion of primary inferior oblique overaction [PIOOA] as part of this new syndrome.

The authors do not offer evidence whether overelevation in adduction in this case is due to inferior oblique overaction and that too primary and not secondary. Secondary inferior oblique overaction can arise due to superior rectus/oblique underaction and overelevation in adduction has diverse etiologies and presentations. As levator palpebre superioraris [LPS], superior rectus [SR]/superior oblique [SO] and upper halves of horizontal recti all develop from the same superior mesodermal complex, [2] they may get implicated together in disorders like this and plausibly to a variable extent. It seems more appropriate to ascribe overelevation in adduction in this case to the underaction of SR or to both of superior muscles [SR, SO], along with LPS, as both can produce overaction of inferior muscles [IO and IR] leading to overelevation in adduction, a V pattern and extorsion. A positive head tilt test on tilt to either side will offer insight regarding primary or secondary inferior oblique overaction provided both superior muscles are not knocked out. Presence or absence of objective extorsion may offer a clue regarding inferior oblique overaction. Results of such tests are not known in the present case.

To attribute overelevation in adduction in this case to PIOOA is like clubbing all meningitides as meningococcal.

 
  References Top

1.
Vedantham V, Jethani J, Agarwal A, Vijayalakshmi P. Retinitis pigmentosa associated with blepharophimosis, blue dot cataract and primary inferior oblique over action; A new syndrome complex. Indian J Ophthalmol 2007;55:150-1.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.
Sevel D. A reappraisal of the origin of human extra ocular muscles. Ophthalmology 1981;88:1330-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    



This article has been cited by
1 Retinitis pigmentosa associated with blepharophimosis, blue dot cataract and primary inferior oblique overaction: A new syndrome complex or consummate myotonic dystrophy
Pandey, P.K., Vats, P., Jain, P., Amar, A., Bansal, Y.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2009; 57(4): 325-326
[Pubmed]
2 Authorsę reply
Vedantham, V., Jethani, J., Agarwal, A., Vijayalakshmi, P.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2008; 56(4): 343-344
[Pubmed]



 

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