Glyxambi
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 2568
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
COMMUNITY EYE CARE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-303

Vitamin A-first dose supplement coverage evaluation amongst children aged 12-23 months residing in slums of Delhi, India


1 Ophthalmology division, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi-110108, India
2 Department of Education and Training, National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Munirka, New Delhi-110067, India

Correspondence Address:
Sandeep Sachdeva
D-1/1395, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.53056

Rights and Permissions

Objective: To determine vitamin A-first dose supplement coverage in children aged 12-23 months and to find out its correlates with selected variables . Materials and Methods: The 30-cluster sampling technique based on probability proportional to size advocated by the World Health Organization was used to assess vitamin A-first dose supplement amongst 210 children in the age group of 12-23 months residing in slums of a randomly selected municipal zone of Delhi during October to November 2005. Results: Only 79 (37.6%) children out of 210 had received vitamin A-first dose supplement. Further analysis of 79 children was carried out with regard to selected variables like religion, gender, birth order, place of birth, immunization status and literacy of mother. These analyses showed that 71 (89.9%) were Hindu and eight (10.1%) were non-Hindu ( P = 0.04). Nearly 44 (55.7%) males and 35 (44.3%) females had received vitamin A ( P = 0.74). The proportion of children born in a health institution who received first dose (57%) of vitamin A supplementation was significantly higher than of those who were born at home (43%) ( P < 0.001). Similarly, higher proportion of children with birth order-one (48.1%) in comparison to birth order-three or above (26.6%) received vitamin A ( P < 0.001). Thirty children though fully immunized for vaccine-preventable disease up to the age-of-one year had not received vitamin A-first dose supplement, suggesting that an opportunity had been missed. The association between receipt of vitamin A by the child and literacy status of mother was found to be significant ( P < 0.001). Conclusion: The study reflects low coverage of Vitamin A supplement.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2594    
    Printed60    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded362    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal