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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 215-216

Comparison of anisometropes with and without amblyopia

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Huban Atilla
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Dikimevi, Mamak, Ankara 06100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.81035

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Background: To compare binocular functions in amblyopic and non-amblyopic anisometropes and to investigate the possible associated factors for amblyopia development such as type of refractive error and initial age of refractive error correction. Materials and Methods: Prospectively anisometropic subjects with (n=42) and without amblyopia (n=33) were included in the study. Full ophthalmological examination including binocularity and motility was performed. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the ages at the time of initial refractive error correction ( p0 =0.946). All of the anisometropes (100%) had fusion with Worth 4-dot test and Bagolini glasses. However 81% of amblyopic subjects had fusion with Worth 4 dot test and 88.1% had normal response with Bagolini glasses. Median stereopsis was 60 sec of arc in anisometropic subjects and 400 sec of arc in amblyopes. Conclusion: Our data support that, binocular functions are well developed in anisometropes without amblyopia and initial age at correction of refractive error has no primary effect on development of amblyopia.

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