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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 263-266

Ranibizumab as an adjunct to laser for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion


Department of Ophthalmology, A.I.I.M.S., New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddarth Sain
Room No. 486-487, 4th floor, Dr. R. P. Centre, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.98701

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Purpose: To compare the safety, efficacy, and dosing regimen of intravitreal ranibizumab as an adjunct to laser therapy for the treatment of macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Materials and Methods: Thirty eyes of 30 patients of BRVO of at least 6 weeks duration were randomized into three groups: Group 1 received grid laser treatment alone, Group 2 received a single dose of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (0.5 mg / 0.05 ml) followed by grid laser treatment on 7 th day following injection, while Group 3 received three loading doses of intravitreal ranibizumab at monthly interval (i.e. 0, 1, & 2 months) + standard laser treatment 7 days after the 1 st injection. Outcome measure noted at 6 months follow-up were the improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT). Results: At 6 months follow-up, there was an average gain of 12 letters (P=0.05), 17.5 letters (P=0.05) and 19 letters (P=0.05) in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively, with the decrease in CMT being 208.7 μm (P=0.05), 312.9 μm (P= 0.05) and 326.8 μm (P=0.05), respectively, in these groups. Gain in BCVA of more than 3 lines was noted in 1/10 patients in Group 1(10%) as compared to 3/10 (30%) and 4/10 (40%) patients in groups 2 and 3, respectively. Conclusion: The gain in BCVA and reduction in CMT were better with combination therapy (single- and triple- dose regimen) compared to grid laser alone. Single dose of intravitreal ranibizumab with grid laser seems to be an effective therapy.


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