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   Table of Contents      
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 336

Role of potassium hydroxide preparation in the management of mycotic corneal ulcers

1 Cornea and Anterior Segment, Agarwal Netralaya, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Neuroophthalmology (Neurosurgery), Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication19-Jul-2012

Correspondence Address:
Amit Agarwal
Agarwal Netralaya, D.A.V. College Market, Aishbagh Road, Lucknow - 226 004
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.98732

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How to cite this article:
Agarwal A, Agarwal R. Role of potassium hydroxide preparation in the management of mycotic corneal ulcers. Indian J Ophthalmol 2012;60:336

How to cite this URL:
Agarwal A, Agarwal R. Role of potassium hydroxide preparation in the management of mycotic corneal ulcers. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Aug 9];60:336. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2012/60/4/336/98732

Dear Editor,

This refers to a well-drafted article by Nath et al., published in a recent issue of the Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. [1] We would like to draw attention to a few points. In the presented study, the authors found the presence of fungal elements by 10% KOH smear in only 65.2% cases, which is quite less than our practical experience and from the results of other studies.

Sharma et al., [2] found fungal filaments in 100% and 81.2% of the corneal scrapings by the KOH method in the two phases of their study, while Gopinathan et al., [3] found it to be 91% in their study. In most of the private practitioners and smaller centers where culture facilities are not available, KOH smear is the only reliable and easy-to-use diagnostic tool, and it works in 90-95% of the cases.

Secondly, the treatment of perforated fungal ulcers needs to be separated from the ulcers without perforations, as the eye can sometimes be saved only by therapeutic keratoplasty, [4] although in smaller perforations cyanoacrylate glue also works very well. [5]

  References Top

Nath R, Baruah S, Saikia L, Devi B, Borthakur AK, Mahanta J. Mycotic corneal ulcers in upper Assam. Indian J Ophthalmol 2011;59:367-71.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
Sharma S, Silverberg M, Mehta P, Gopinathan U, Agarwal V, Naduvilath TJ. Early diagnosis of mycotic keratitis: Predictive value of potassium hydroxide preparation. Indian J Ophthalmol 1998;46:31-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
Gopinathan U, Garg P, Fernandes M, Sharma S, Athmanathan S, Rao GN. The epidemiological features and laboratory results of fungal keratitis: A 10-year review at a referral eye care center in South India. Cornea 2002;21:555-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
Sony P, Sharma N, Vajpayee RB, Ray M. Therapeutic keratoplasty for infectious keratitis: A review of the literature. CLAO J 2002;28:111-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
Garg P, Gopinathan U, Nutheti R, Rao GN. Clinical experience with N-butyl cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive in fungal keratitis. Cornea 2003;22:405-8.  Back to cited text no. 5


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