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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1072-1076

Diurnal variation in central corneal thickness and intraocular pressure in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome without glaucoma

1 Department of Clinical Vision Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
2 Orthoptic Department, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
3 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Latrobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia; Institute of Infectious Disease and Epidemiology, Republic of Singapore

Correspondence Address:
Stuart Keel
Department of Clinical Vision Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.146755

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Aim: The aim was to ascertain if any differences exist in diurnal central corneal thickness (CCT) and intra-ocular pressure (IOP) between eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome without glaucoma and eyes with no ocular pathology. A secondary aim was to determine whether there was a significant relationship between CCT and IOP. Settings and Design: This study was a prospective design conducted within a hospital setting. Materials and Methods: The experimental group consisted of seven participants with bilateral PXF (14 eyes) and the control group comprised of 15 participants (30 eyes). Testing included CCT and IOP measured at four different times on one given day (8.00 a.m.; 11 a.m.; 2 p.m. and 5 p.m.). Statistical Analysis: The data were analyzed with the generalized linear latent mixed model. Results: PXF eyes displayed a significantly thinner overall mean CCT (520 μm) compared to controls (530 μm). Furthermore, a significant reduction in CCT and IOP occurred in the PXF group from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. The mean overall IOP in PXF eyes was significantly lower than the control group. A significant association between IOP and CCT was also found in PXF eyes. Conclusions: Displaying a significantly thinner mean CCT highlights the importance of measuring CCT in an ophthalmic clinical setting as to avoid falsely underestimated IOP measurements in such a high-risk glaucoma population. Furthermore, a statistically significant correlation between IOP and CCT in PXF eyes suggests that the reduction in CCT that occurred in PXF eyes between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. may be partly responsible for the reduction in IOP measurements.

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