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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 327-332

Barriers to follow-up for pediatric cataract surgery in Maharashtra, India: How regular follow-up is important for good outcome. The Miraj Pediatric Cataract Study II


1 Lions NAB Eye Hospital, Miraj, District Sangli; Dr. Gogate's Eye Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Lions NAB Eye Hospital, Miraj, District Sangli, Maharashtra, India
3 Lions NAB Eye Hospital; Dr. Kulkarni Eye Hospital, Miraj, District Sangli, Maharashtra, India
4 ORBIS International, India Country Office, New Delhi, India
5 ORBIS International, India Country Office; Vision 2020, The Right to Sight, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Parikshit Gogate
Lions NAB Eye Hospital, P-31, M.I.D.C., Miraj, Dist: Sangli - 416 410, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: USAID through the AED Operational research project under the A2Z child micronutrient program through the ORBIS International, New York., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.116465

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Background: Regular follow up and amblyopia treatment are essential for good outcomes after pediatric cataract surgery. Aim: To study the regularity of follow-up after cataract surgery in children and to gauge the causes of poor compliance to follow up. Subjects: 262 children (393 cataracts) who underwent cataract surgery in 2004-8. Materials and Methods: The children were identified and examined in their homes and a "barriers to follow-up" questionnaire completed. Demographic data collected, visual acuity estimated, and ocular examination performed. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 19. Results: Of the 262 children, only 53 (20.6%) had been regularly following up with any hospital, 209 (79.4%) had not. A total of 150 (57.3%) were boys and the average age was 13.23 years (Std Dev 5 yrs). Poor follow up was associated with the older age group ( P < 0.001), less education of mother ( P = 0.012), father's occupation ( P = 0.031), how much money spent on travel ( P = 0.033) and was it paid or free surgery ( P = 0.001). It was not related to gender, numbers of children in family, ordinal status of child, and social strata. Distance and cost were major barriers, as was the inability of the eye care center to communicate the importance of follow up. A prospective follow-up visit showed that 93 children needed Nd: YAG LASER capsulotomy, 5 needed low vision aids, 4 contact lens, and 162 a change of spectacles. The average visual acuity improved in 150 (38.8%) eyes >1 line with regular follow-up. Conclusion: Regular follow-up is important and improves vision; eye care practitioners need to take special efforts to ensure better follow-up.


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