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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 383-387

Short wavelength automated perimetry can detect visual field changes in diabetic patients without retinopathy

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amany Abdel-Fattah El-Shazly
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo
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Source of Support: Costs were the responsibility of the authors and instruments used in the study belong to Faculty of Medicine, a part of Ain Shams University, which is a public governmental organization., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.126986

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Purpose: The purpose of the following study is to compare short wave automated perimetry (SWAP) versus standard automated perimetry (SAP) for early detection of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Materials and Methods: A total of 40 diabetic patients, divided into group I without DR (20 patients = 40 eyes) and group II with mild non-proliferative DR (20 patients = 40 eyes) were included. They were tested with central 24-2 threshold test with both shortwave and SAP to compare sensitivity values and local visual field indices in both of them. A total of 20 healthy age and gender matched subjects were assessed as a control group. Results: Control group showed no differences between SWAP and SAP regarding mean deviation (MD), corrected pattern standard deviation (CPSD) or short fluctuations (SF). In group I, MD showed significant more deflection in SWAP (−4.44 ± 2.02 dB) compared to SAP (−0.96 ± 1.81 dB) (P = 0.000002). However, CPSD and SF were not different between SWAP and SAP. In group II, MD and SF showed significantly different values in SWAP (−5.75 ± 3.11 dB and 2.0 ± 0.95) compared to SAP (−3.91 ± 2.87 dB and 2.86 ± 1.23) (P = 0.01 and 0.006 respectively). There are no differences regarding CPSD between SWAP and SAP. The SWAP technique was significantly more sensitive than SAP in patients without retinopathy (p), but no difference exists between the two techniques in patients with non-proliferative DR. Conclusion: The SWAP technique has a higher yield and efficacy to pick up abnormal findings in diabetic patients without overt retinopathy rather than patients with clinical retinopathy.

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