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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 446-449

Is being female a risk factor for shallow anterior chamber? The associations between anterior chamber depth and age, sex, and body height


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien; National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Yi-Ting Hsieh
Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, 7, Zhongshan S. Rd., Zhongzheng District, Taipei, 10002
Taiwan
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Source of Support: This study was supported by a grant from the Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch, New Taipei, Taiwan (TCRDTPE- 101-22). The sponsor had no role in the design or conduct of this research., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.119344

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Aim of Study: To analyze the association between anterior chamber depth (ACD) and age, sex, and body height (BH). Materials and Methods: One thousand four hundred eighty eyes of 1480 adults 40 years of age and older receiving preoperative evaluation for cataract surgery were recruited consecutively from June 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010. ACD was measured with the Zeiss IOLMaster. Univariate and multivariate linear regression models were used to analyze the correlations, and receiving operator characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used for evaluating the predictability of an ACD less than 2.70 mm. Results: ACD was negatively correlated with age and positively correlated with BH in both univariate and multivariate regression analysis (P < 0.001). Sex was associated with ACD in univariate analysis, but not after adjustment with age and BH. In predicting an ACD less than 2.70 mm, the AUCs of ROC curves for 'age and sex', 'age and BH', and 'age, sex, and BH' were 0.687, 0.689, and 0.689, respectively. Conclusion: Age and BH were independent associating factors of ACD; however, sex was not. Older people and shorter ones likely had shallower ACD, and therefore were predisposed to Primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG). The predictability of ACD by age and BH solely was low, and adding sex did not increase it.


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