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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 881-887

Characterization of the parasite-induced lesions in the posterior segment of the eye

Department of Medical Parasitology, Research Institute of Ophthalmology, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nagwa Mostafa El-Sayed
Research Institute of Ophthalmology, 2 El-Ahram Street, P.O. Box: 90, Giza, 12556
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.176028

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Ocular lesions are frequently associated with different parasitic infections. The classes of infection include protozoa, nematodes, cestodes, and ectoparasites. Ocular parasitic infections can manifest in any part of the eye; the disease manifestations are frequently characterized as either posterior or anterior eye disease. Parasite-induced lesions may be due to damage directly caused by the parasite, indirect pathology caused by toxic products or the immune response initiated by infectious parasitism. This review characterized the parasite-induced lesions in the posterior segment of the eye. Prompt diagnosis and early treatment of these lesions can reduce ocular morbidity. The method of the literature search was conducted on PubMed, Elsevier Scopus database, and Google Scholar with no limitation on the year of publication databases. It was limited to English articles published for ocular lesions in clinical studies and was focused on parasitic infections of the eye.

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