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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 501-503

Evaluating the change in central corneal thickness in neonates (term and preterm) in Indian population and the factors affecting it

1 Pediatric Ophthalmology, Baroda Children Eye Care and Squint Clinic, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 Pedaitric Ophthalmology and Squint Clinic, M and J Western Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3 Refractive Surgery, Eye Q Hospitals, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jitendra Jethani
Baroda Children Eye Care and Squint Clinic, 101, Sunrise Apartment, 4, Nutan Bharat Society, Alkapuri, Vadodara, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.162601

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Background and Aim: Central corneal thickness (CCT) of term and preterm infants in Indian population is not known. We did a prospective noninterventional study to measure the CCT in term and preterm infants. Materials and Methods: An ultrasonic pachymeter was used. The data regarding the date of birth, expected date of delivery, birth weight were recorded. The preterm and the term infants were followed up at 8 weeks, 20 weeks and at 1-year. Results: A total of 85 (170 eyes) children were included in the study. The mean age was 264.6 ± 21.8 days postconception. The mean birth weight and CCT were 1834.4 ± 512.1 g and 595.8 ± 72.4 μ respectively. A comparison of CCT on the basis postgestational age showed a mean thickness of 620.7 ± 88.8 and 574.4 ± 78.3 μ in the <260 days and >260 days age groups respectively. The difference was statistically significant (Student's test, P = 0.002). The CCT of preterm infants (<260 days) decreased from a mean value of 620.7 ± 88.8 μ to 534.1 ± 57.6 μ at the end of 1-year. Conclusion: We present the data of CCT in term and preterm infants in Indian population. We believe that the premature babies have slightly thicker corneas than mature term babies.

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