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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1093-1104

Uveal effusion syndrome in 104 eyes: Response to corticosteroids – The 2017 Axel C. Hansen lecture

Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Correspondence Address:
Carol L Shields
Ocular Oncology Service, 840 Walnut Street, Suite 1440, Philadelphia 19107, Pennsylvania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_752_17

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the corticosteroids for uveal effusion syndrome (UES). Methods: Retrospective series of 104 eyes with UES treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS), periocular corticosteroids (PCS), topical corticosteroids (TCS), or observation (OBS). Main outcome measure was UES resolution. Results: Of 104 eyes, treatment included OCS (n = 27), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 11), and OBS (n = 54). A comparison of the four groups (OCS vs. PCS vs. TCS vs. OBS) revealed differences in those managed with OCS versus OBS as younger (66 vs. 72 years, P = 0.049), PCS versus OBS as male (100% vs. 54%, P = 0.002), PCS versus OBS with decreased visual acuity (VA)/visual field (91% vs. 51%, P = 0.018), and OBS versus OCS as asymptomatic (28% vs. 0%, P = 0.001). Of the 59 with follow-up information, management included OCS (n = 21), PCS (n = 12), TCS (n = 6), and OBS (n = 20). There were differences in initial VA <20/400 in PCS versus OBS (42% vs. 5%, P = 0.018), effusion thickness in TCS versus OCS (7 vs. 3 mm, P = 0.004), and serous retinal detachment in PCS versus OBS (100% vs. 30%, P < 0.001) and PCS versus OCS (100% vs. 57%, P = 0.012). Regarding outcomes, VA showed less worsening in OCS versus OBS (0% vs. 30%, P = 0.008) and OCS versus PCS (0% vs. 33%, P = 0.012). There was no difference in rate of effusion resolution or effusion recurrence. Overall, using combination of corticosteroid therapies, effusion resolution was achieved in 56/59 (95%) cases and the need for surgical management with scleral windows was necessary in only 3/59 (5%) cases. Complications included cataract (n = 9) and no instance of steroid-induced glaucoma. Conclusion: Management of UES is complex and depends on disease severity. Using various corticosteroid delivery routes, UES control was achieved in 95%, and scleral window surgery was required in only 5%. A trial of corticosteroids can benefit patients with UES.

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