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GUEST EDITORIAL
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 654-655

Optical models for intraocular lens planning in keratoconus: A step in the right direction and more to do


1 Division of Cornea and Refractive surgery, Narayana Nethralaya Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Imaging, Biomechanics and Mathematical Modeling Solutions Lab, Narayana Nethralaya Foundation, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication18-Aug-2017

Correspondence Address:
Rohit Shetty
Division of Cornea and Refractive surgery, Narayana Nethralaya Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_615_17

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How to cite this article:
Shetty R, Roy AS. Optical models for intraocular lens planning in keratoconus: A step in the right direction and more to do. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:654-5

How to cite this URL:
Shetty R, Roy AS. Optical models for intraocular lens planning in keratoconus: A step in the right direction and more to do. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Sep 22];65:654-5. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2017/65/8/654/213260



This issue of Indian Journal of Ophthalmology carries an interesting article titled, “Preliminary Validation of an Optimized Algorithm for Intraocular Lens Power Calculation in Keratoconus.”[1] The paper presents highly descriptive analyses of different parameters that can impact the calculation of intraocular lens (IOL) power using two different eye models. Such studies assist in truly understanding the relative impact of each selection parameter such as anterior corneal radius and posterior corneal radius. However, there are still potential confounders that severely limit the application of such models. The accuracy and repeatability of most tomographers is inferior for keratoconus eyes than for normal eyes.[2] These devices are also not interchangeable for the assessment of keratoconic curvatures.[2] Thus, central corneal curvature is subject to question with increasing grade of disease. Another confounding factor is the inability of the proposed models to account for higher-order corneal aberrations. It has been shown previously that interaction between higher-order corneal aberrometric terms can affect the calculated power of IOL.[3] Since most of the aberrations in keratoconic eyes are due to the cornea, ray tracing could be a better option than using paraxial optics as used in this study.[2] Since ray tracing requires a corneal profile, accuracy of conventional tomographers is again an issue. Here, a new technology based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) may result in improved accuracy in mapping of the keratoconus corneal surfaces such as the anterior and posterior surfaces.[4] OCT tomography has also shed new information on postrefractive surgery eyes, which Scheimpflug imaging currently underestimates, for example, change in spherical aberration of the cornea after low-myopia photorefractive keratectomy was lower when measured with OCT than with Pentacam ® (Oculus Optikegrate Gmbh, Germany).[5] Eventually, every model will have to be tested on patients. Currently, there is very limited data available. If the authors of the study [1] test their model prospectively in diseases, it will fully demonstrate the accuracy of their model.



 
  References Top

1.
Camps VJ, Piñero DP, Caravaca E, De Fez D. Preliminary validation of an optimized algorithm for intraocular lens power calculation in keratoconus. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:690-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
2.
Shetty R, Arora V, Jayadev C, Nuijts RM, Kumar M, Puttaiah NK, et al. Repeatability and agreement of three Scheimpflug-based imaging systems for measuring anterior segment parameters in keratoconus. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2014;55:5263-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Canovas C, Abenza S, Alcon E, Villegas EA, Marin JM, Artal P, et al. Effect of corneal aberrations on intraocular lens power calculations. J Cataract Refract Surg 2012;38:1325-32.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Matalia H, Francis M, Gangil T, Chandapura RS, Kurian M, Shetty R, et al. Noncontact quantification of topography of anterior corneal surface and bowman's layer with high-speed OCT. J Refract Surg 2017;33:330-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Chandapura RS, Shetty R, Shroff R, Shilpy N, Francis M, Sinha Roy A, et al. OCT layered tomography of the cornea provides new insights on remodeling after photorefractive keratectomy. J Biophotonics 2017; doi: 10.1002/jbio.201700027.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

 
  Authors Top



Dr. Rohit Shetty is the Vice Chairman of Narayana Nethralaya Eye Institute, faculty and guide at the Maastricht University, the Netherlands. With a special interest in keratoconus, tear film abnormalities, and biomarkers, Dr. Shetty is a clinician-scientist with over 130 publications in indexed journals. Dr. Shetty is a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, the UK. In 2015, he was awarded a PhD for his work on keratoconus from the Maastricht University, the Netherlands.




 

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