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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 877-879

En face optical coherence tomography findings in a case of Alport syndrome

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, South Korea
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, South Korea

Correspondence Address:
Tae Kwann Park
Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, 1174, Jung-Dong, Wonmi-Gu, Bucheon, Gyeonggi-Do 420-767
South Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_303_17

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Alport syndrome is a rare hereditary disease that is associated with retinal abnormalities such as dot-and-fleck retinopathy and temporal macular thinning. The main pathophysiological process of Alport syndrome is loss of the collagen network in the basement membrane. However, the alterations in each retinal layer have not been fully evaluated. In the case presented here, we evaluated the retina of a patient with Alport syndrome using en face optical coherence tomography (OCT). The findings suggested that the primary alterations occur in the internal limiting membrane and the retinal pigment epithelium basement membrane which is a part of the Bruch's membrane. The adjacent retinal layers are damaged subsequently. In conclusion, en face OCT could be useful in evaluating retinal abnormalities and understanding their underlying pathophysiology in Alport syndrome.

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