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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1809-1814

Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study

1 Vitreoretinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. V G Madanagopalan
Vitreo-Retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Thavalakuppam, Pondicherry - 605 007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_458_18

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Purpose: To assess the influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure in 25-gauge (25G) transconjunctival vitreous surgery (TVS). Methods: A total of 46 eyes of 46 patients who underwent 25G TVS (23 circumferential incisions and 23 radial incisions) were studied. Clinical and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT)-based comparison of self-sealed and sutured sclerotomies was done. The influence of age, ocular surgeries and injections, axial length, cannula type, sclerotomy quadrant, surgery duration, vitreous base excision, and tamponade on suture rates was analyzed. Results: Of the 46 eyes, 23 eyes required suturing [circumferential: 17 (74%) and radial: 6 (26%); P = 0.003]. A significantly lesser proportion of superonasal quadrant and inferotemporal quadrant sclerotomies needed suturing [9 (24%) and 12 (27%)] when compared with superotemporal quadrant [17 (37%)]. Sclerotomies to the left of the surgeon and the infusion port required significantly lesser suturing [10 (25%) and 13 (28%), respectively] when compared with that of surgeon's right [15 (35%)]. Suturing was significantly lesser when gas or oil tamponade was used [5 (36%) and 2 (20%), respectively] when compared with no tamponade [16 (73%)]. In eyes without tamponade, suturing was lesser with radial sclerotomies (P = 0.003). The odds of having an open sclerotomy tract on AS-OCT were ≥5 when circumferential sclerotomies were used. Conclusion: Self-sealing was more common with radial external incisions. Tamponade was associated with less suturing. Superotemporal sclerotomies and sclerotomies toward the surgeon's dominant hand were often sutured. In this cohort, other factors did not influence sclerotomy closure.

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