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   Table of Contents      
COMMENTARY
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1815

Commentary: Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study


Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication19-Nov-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Atul Kumar
Retina Services, Dr R P Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1640_18

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How to cite this article:
Kumar A, Padhy SK. Commentary: Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:1815

How to cite this URL:
Kumar A, Padhy SK. Commentary: Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 May 22];66:1815. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/12/1815/245616



The panorama of vitreoretinal surgery has considerably transformed with the advent of microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS).[1] Although the central idea of MIVS was to create a microincision sclerotomy, it never accomplished the goal of being sutureless. In our clinical experience, we advocate the concept of suturing the port site, if needed, to avoid postoperative wound leak and hypotony.[2] The art of wound construction is the talk of the town in the current scenario of vitreoretinal surgery to avoid untoward complication and even in terms of cosmesis.

The IJO article “Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study” by Madangopalan et al.[3] highlights an important and underrecognized perspective. They have compared the suture rates and sclerotomy architecture with anterior segment optical coherence tomography in eyes that had circumferentially and radially oriented external incisions in 25-G transconjunctival suture less vitrectomy (TVS). Better results of sclerotomy approximation with radial trocar incisions were found in the study when compared with circumferential incisions. Furthermore, the superotemporal quadrant remained the prevalent site for sclerotomy closure in the study as it was the favored side of the surgeon and maximum manipulation was done through this port. This observation is germane and relevant. The result reinforces the available evidence that intraoperative scleral deformation does increase the suture rates. They have shown that use of gas or oil tamponade agents lead to less sclerotomy suturing, which might be attributed to the tamponading effect at the sclerotomy site causing physiological closure. This is also supported by the fact that gas- or oil-filled eye prevents the intraocular fluid currents leading to reopening of the breaks.[4] The author also did not find any difference in suture requirement rates between valved and nonvalved cannulas.[5] The study did not find any impact of total surgical time on the suture rate which is conflicting with the existing literature.[6],[7],[8]

We feel a prospective randomized study with a larger sample size and longer follow-up would help address the issues of wound remodeling in 25-G sclerotomies. Similarly, a study analyzing only a single type of vitreoretinal surgery will avoid bias.

Finally, this article provides insightful directions for future research. Future studies and discussion among peer groups will enrich the collective academic knowledge and can bring out some new and novel ways of sclerotomy wound construction in the horizon of surgical retina. The author's research is well-appreciated.



 
  References Top

1.
Fujii GY, De Juan E Jr., Humayun MS, Chang TS, Pieramici DJ, Barnes A, et al. Initial experience using the transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy system for vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmology 2002;109:1814-20.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Tahiri Joutei Hassani R, El Sanharawi M, Adam R, Monin C, Dupont-Monod S, Baudouin C, et al. Comparison of 23-gauge sutureless sclerotomy architecture and clinical outcomes in macular and non-macular surgery using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Acta Ophthalmol 2013;91:e203-10.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Madanagopalan VG, Nagesha CK, Khodifad AM, Raman R. Influence of orientation of the external linear incision created by the 25-gauge trocar and related factors on sclerotomy closure: A clinical and optical coherence tomographic study. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:1809-14.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  
4.
Wong IY, Wong D. Special adjuncts to treatment. In: Schachat AP, editor. Ryan's Retina. 6th ed., Vol. 3. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier; 2018. p. 1958-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Kaiser PK. Retinal physician – Improving wound construction techniques for MIVS. Retin Physician 2010. Available from: https://www.retinalphysician.com/issues/2010/september-2010/improving-wound-construction-techniques-for-mivs. [Last accessed on 2018 Oct 23].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Lin AL, Ghate DA, Robertson ZM, O'Sullivan PS, May WL, Chen CJ, et al. Factors affecting wound leakage in 23-gauge sutureless pars plana vitrectomy. Retina 2011;31:1101-8.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Amato JE, Akduman L. Incidence of complications in 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy based on the surgical indications. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 2007;38:100-2.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Takashina H, Watanabe A, Mitooka K, Tsuneoka H. Factors influencing self-sealing of sclerotomy performed under gas tamponade in 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy. Clin Ophthalmol 2014;8:2085-9.  Back to cited text no. 8
    




 

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