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COMMENTARY
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 278

Correction of upper eyelid entropion: Modified techniques are most welcome


Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication30-Jan-2018

Correspondence Address:
Lakshmi Mahesh
Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Orbit and Oculoplasty, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_58_18

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How to cite this article:
Mahesh L. Correction of upper eyelid entropion: Modified techniques are most welcome. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:278

How to cite this URL:
Mahesh L. Correction of upper eyelid entropion: Modified techniques are most welcome. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Dec 13];66:278. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/2/278/224086



Cicatricial entropion with trichiasis can be a challenging clinical problem to manage. This condition is caused by scarring of the tarsus and resulting inward rotation of the eyelid margin.

Multiple surgeries and techniques have been described, and the surgeon has to decide the best possible option for the given patient. A variety of techniques and biological materials have been used to reconstruct the disfigured eyelid margin.[1],[2] Tarsal wedge resection and gray-line splitting with mucous membrane grafting or an allograft allow for the correction of severe cicatricial entropion while providing a reconstructed eyelid margin at the same time. This has been particularly helpful in scarring due to Stevens–Johnson syndrome and trachoma.

The manuscript published in the issue of Indian Journal of Ophthalmology by Pandey et al. paper has some very salient features.[3] All the surgeries were performed by a single surgeon. Multiple procedures could be done with a single incision. Conjunctival dissection was avoided – an important point to be considered in ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. A wedge excision of the tarsal plate can sometimes worsen the shortening of the tarsal plate, and this has been avoided in this study. Associated eyelid retraction could also be corrected, and most importantly, the corneal surface changes could be reversed. The schematic and intraoperative photographs are of good quality and are descriptive. In short, one could term this management as a single-shot, sure-shot procedure and the highlight is that it is minimally invasive.

Some points to be pondered and considered in this case series are as follows: (1) There is no clear mention whether trachoma was ruled out in these patients; (2) no. 11 Bard-Parker blade could have been used for a more precise cut along the gray line; and (3) photographs of corneal changes pre- and postoperatively could have been provided. It is always a pleasure to learn modifications of surgical techniques from our colleagues and this article is one such example.



 
  References Top

1.
Kemp EG, Collin JR. Surgical management of upper lid entropion. Br J Ophthalmol 1986;70:575-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.
Tenzel RR. Repair of entropion of upper lid. Arch Ophthalmol 1967;77:675.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Pandey N, Jayaprakasam A, Feldman I, Malhotra R. Upper eyelid levator-recession and anterior lamella repositioning through the grey-line: Avoiding a skin-crease incision. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:274-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    




 

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