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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 517-523

Application of high intensity focused ultrasound for treatment of open-angle glaucoma in Indian patients


1 Department of Glaucoma, Winvision Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Glaucoma, Maxivision Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nilanjana Deb-Joardar
Department of Glaucoma, Winvision Eye Hospitals, 6-3-868/2 Greenlands, Begumpet, Hyderabad - 500 016, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1024_17

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Purpose: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of ultrasound cycloplasty (UCP) in Indian patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG). Methods: A prospective interventional study was designed to treat 73 eyes of 73 patients with OAG with the EyeOP1 device equipped with six miniaturized cylindrical piezoelectric transducers. Two treatment protocols of ultrasound delivery depending on exposure time (8 s and 10 s of shot per transducer) were used. Complete ophthalmic examination, ocular biometry and anterior segment optical coherence tomography were performed preoperatively and patients were followed up at day 1, day 7 and months 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12. The primary outcome measure was “successful” intraocular pressure (IOP) control defined as IOP reduction ≥20% from baseline and IOP value >5 mm Hg at the last follow-up visit. Secondary outcomes were the occurrence of complications and mean IOP during the follow-up period. Results: In all patients, the mean IOP reduced from 23.5 ± 3.0 mmHg before treatment to 15.7 ± 5.4 mmHg at 12 months (P < 0.05). Successful IOP control after a single procedure was 78.3% (79% and 78% in the 8 s and 10 s groups, respectively) at 12 months. Overall, the mean IOP reduction achieved in responding patients was 41% (standard deviation = 12%). Notwithstanding minor side effects such as transient pain, anterior chamber reaction, and refractive error changes, no major intraoperative or postoperative complications (severe hypotony or phthisis) were observed during the follow-up. Conclusion: Our short-term results reveal that UCP is a simple, safe, and noninvasive procedure which enables to significantly reduce the IOP in patients with OAG. The study results in Indian eyes corroborate findings in earlier studies on Caucasian eyes.


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