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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1838-1842

Comparison of flanged intrascleral intraocular lens fixation versus iris claw intraocular lens fixation: A retrospective study


National Institute of Ophthalmology, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aditya S Kelkar
1187/30, Off Ghole Road, Near, Mahatma Phule Museum, Shivajinagar, Pune - 411 005, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_300_19

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Purpose: To compare the visual outcome and complications of retropupillary fixated iris claw intraocular lens (IOL) and sutureless intrascleral IOL fixation using the flanged fixation technique at 1 year. Methods: In this retrospective study, eyes that underwent either iris claw or flanged SFIOL from January 2016 to July 2017 with a minimum of 1-year follow-up were enrolled. Improvement in visual acuity, intraocular pressure measurements, endothelial cell count, central macular thickness, and complications were compared between and within groups at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Results: Data from 150 eyes were analyzed (n = 90 in the iris claw group and n = 60 in the flanged SFIOL group). Posterior capsular rent was the most common indication for IOL implantation (n = 51, 34%). The iris claw and SFIOL groups were comparable in terms of demographics and baseline characteristics. There was significant improvement in uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA) at 6 weeks in both groups (P = 0.77), and at 1 year, the UCDVA was comparable between groups (0.36 ± 0.32 in the iris claw group and 0.30 ± 0.28 in the SFIOL, P= 0.75). Transient elevation of intraocular pressure was seen slightly more in eyes with SFIOL (17%), while ovalization of the pupil was the main sequelae seen in the iris claw group (20%). Conclusion: Both iris claw IOL fixation and SFIOL using flange are viable options for surgical correction of aphakia. Visual outcomes are excellent at 6 weeks and are maintained till 1-year follow-up, and complication rates are acceptably low, although ovalization of pupil is common with iris claw IOLs.


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