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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1997-2004

Outcomes of neonatal retinoblastoma in pre-chemotherapy and chemotherapy eras

1 Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA
2 Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Carol L Shields
Ocular Oncology Service, 840 Walnut Street, Suite 1440, Philadelphia, PA 19107
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_634_19

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Purpose: To quantify outcomes for neonatal retinoblastoma patients treated during the pre-chemotherapy (1980–1994) and chemotherapy (1995–2018) eras. Methods: Retrospective review of retinoblastoma patients diagnosed within the first 28 days of life between 1/1/1980 and 11/30/2018. Student's t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact test were performed to compare treatments and outcomes by era. Results: There were 68 patients with neonatal retinoblastoma (12% unilateral and 88% bilateral). According to era (pre-chemotherapy vs. chemotherapy), the number of treated patients was 26 (38%) vs. 42 (62%). Primary treatment was external beam radiotherapy (50% vs. 1%,P < 0.001), plaque radiotherapy (17% vs. 0%,P < 0.001), focal treatment (transpupillary thermotherapy or cryotherapy) only (21% vs. 14%,P= 0.33), intravenous chemotherapy (0% vs. 81%,P < 0.001), enucleation (10% vs. 4%,P= 0.26), or exenteration (2% vs. 0%,P= 0.37). Outcomes included tumor control (79% vs. 94%,P= 0.02), globe salvage (75% vs. 91%,P= 0.02), final gross visual acuity for salvaged eyes 20/200 or better (66% vs. 89%,P < 0.01), and death (19% vs. 0%,P < 0.01). Conclusion: Chemotherapy advancements for neonatal retinoblastoma have improved tumor control, globe salvage, visual acuity, and patient survival.

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