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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 75-81

Linear discriminant score for differentiating early primary open angle glaucoma from glaucoma suspects


1 Department of Glaucoma, Sarakshi Netralaya, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Retina, Sarakshi Netralaya, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Data Analytics, MDS Bioanalytics, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gunjan A Deshpande
Sarakshi Netralaya, 19 Rajiv Nagar, Wardha Road, Nagpur - 440 025, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_678_18

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Purpose: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of a linear discriminant function (LDF) based on macular ganglion cell complex (GCC), optic nerve head (ONH) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) for differentiating early primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) from glaucoma suspects. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from consecutive 127 glaucoma suspects and 74 early POAG eyes were analysed. Each patient underwent detailed ocular examination, standard automated perimetry, GCC and ONH and RNFL analysis. After adjusting for age, gender and signal strength using the analysis of covariance; Benjamin–Hochberg multiple testing correction was performed to detect truly significant parameters to calculate the LDF. Subsequently, diagnostic accuracy of GCC and ONH and RNFL were determined. The obtained LDF score was evaluated for diagnostic accuracy in another test set of 32 suspect and 19 glaucomatous eyes. Data were analysed with the R-3.2.1 (R Core Team 2015), analysis of variance, t-test, Chi-square test and receiver operating curve. Results: Among all GCC parameters, infero temporal had the best discriminating power and average RNFL thickness and vertical CDR among ONH and RNFL parameters. LDF scores for GCC had AUROC of 0.809 for a cut-off value 0.07, while scores for ONH and RNFL had AUROC of 0.903 for a cut-off value − 0.24. Analysis on combined parametric space resulted in avg RNFL thickness, vertical CDR, min GCC + IPL and superior GCC + IPL as key parameters. LDF scores obtained had AUROC of 0.924 for a cut-off value 0.1. The LDF was applied to a test set with an accuracy of 84.31%. Conclusion: The LDF had a better accuracy than individual GCC and ONH and RNFL parameters and can be used for diagnosis of glaucoma.


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