|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 276
A complication of ischemic branch retinal vein occlusion
PC Ranjith, Anantharaman Giridhar
Vitreo-Retinal Services, Giridhar Eye Institute, Ponneth Temple Road, Kadavanthra, Kochi, Kerala, India
|Date of Web Publication||23-Jan-2019|
P C Ranjith
Vitreo-Retinal Services, Girdhar Eye Institute, Ponneth Temple Road, Kadavanthra, Kochi - 682 020, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Ranjith P C, Giridhar A. A complication of ischemic branch retinal vein occlusion. Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:276
|How to cite this URL:|
Ranjith P C, Giridhar A. A complication of ischemic branch retinal vein occlusion. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Feb 21];67:276. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/2/276/250687
A 48-year-old male with ischemic superotemporal branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) in the right eye with no known systemic disease had been managed with sectoral laser photocoagulation. His 55 degree multicolor fundus image on follow-up shows a large neovascularization of the disc exerting traction over the macula. Laser marks are seen superiorly. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) shows the neovascular frond and nonperfusion area. Owing to traction, the vascular architecture is distorted [Figure 1].
|Figure 1: (a) Multicolor fundus photograph, (b) enface scan, (c) OCT angiography showing neovascularization of the disc and macular ischemia|
Click here to view
Although retinal vein occlusion is common in the elderly, it is also seen in younger population. Younger patients with BRVO need a careful clinical evaluation for associated systemic diseases. They may have associated atherosclerosis, diabetes, or hypertension. Reports of hyperhomocysteinemia, hyperviscosity syndrome, connective tissue diseases, and thrombophilia  with retinal vein occlusion in young patients are well known. If screening for these associations is inconclusive, a complete thrombophilic workup can be considered.
OCTA in retinal vein occlusion can show nonperfusion areas, collaterals, and neovascular fronds. During the follow-up of these patients, fundus photography and OCTA can help to individualize treatment and follow-up options. OCTA acts an no invasive method to predict the visual prognosis.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Fong AC, Schatz H. Central retinal vein occlusion in young adults. Surv Ophthalmol 1993;37:393-417
Marcucci R, Bertini L, Giusti B, Brunelli T, Fedi S, Cellai AP, et al.
Thrombophilic risk factors in patients with central retinal vein occlusion. Thromb Haemost 2001;86:772-6.
Chiang CC, Begley S, Henderson SO. Central retinal vein occlusion due to hyperviscosity syndrome. J Emerg Med 2000;18:23-6.
Batioǧlu F, Atmaca LS, Karabulut HG, Beyza Sayin D. Factor V Leiden and prothrombin gene G20210A mutations in ocular Behcet disease. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2003;81:283-5.
Rehak M, Krcova V, Slavik L, Fric E, Langova K, Ulehlova J, et al.
The role of thrombophilia in patients with retinal vein occlusion and no systemic risk factors. Can J Ophthalmol 2010;45:171-5.
Tsai G, Banaee T, Conti FF, Singh RP. Optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes with retinal vein occlusion. J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018;13:315-32.
] [Full text]