|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 403-404
Multimodal imaging characteristics of acute macular neuroretinopathy
Kumar Saurabh1, Rupak Roy2, Dhaivat Shah3, Sugandha Goel3, Samarth Mishra3, Deepak Senger2
1 Retina Services, Kamalnayan Bajaj Sankara Nethralaya, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Retina Services, Aditya Birla Sankara Nethralaya, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Sri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretina Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Submission||19-Jul-2018|
|Date of Acceptance||25-Oct-2018|
|Date of Web Publication||18-Feb-2019|
Dr. Kumar Saurabh
Kamalnayan Bajaj Sankara Nethralaya, DJ16, Action Area 1D, New Town, Kolkata - 700 156, West Bengal
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Keywords: Acute macular neuroretinopathy, autofluorescence, multicolor imaging, multimodal imaging, near infrared autofluorescence
|How to cite this article:|
Saurabh K, Roy R, Shah D, Goel S, Mishra S, Senger D. Multimodal imaging characteristics of acute macular neuroretinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:403-4
|How to cite this URL:|
Saurabh K, Roy R, Shah D, Goel S, Mishra S, Senger D. Multimodal imaging characteristics of acute macular neuroretinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jan 18];67:403-4. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/3/403/252434
Acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) usually presents as brown-red lesion near fovea., Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) shows initial thickening of the outer plexiform layer (OPL), eventual thinning of outer nuclear layer (ONL) and focal disruptions of external limiting membrane (ELM) and ellipsoid zone (EZ). We herein report the multicolor, reflectance, and autofluorescence imaging characteristics of AMN.
| Case Report|| |
A 19-year-old healthy female presented with complaint of seeing black spot in front of her left eye for 1 week. The left eye showed a faint yellowish brown-wedge-shaped depigmentation inferonasal to fovea [Figure 1]a. Multicolor image showed a zone of pale-pink discoloration with loss of perifoveal greenish hue [Figure 1]b. SDOCT line scan through the lesion showed focal thickening of OPL with thinning of underlying ONL and focal disruption of ELM [Figure 1]c. Infrared channel of multicolor imaging aimed at picking the outer retinal lesions showed zone of hyperreflectance [Figure 1]d. The pseudocolor encoding for this channel is red which explains the pinkish discoloration of lesion amidst the greenish perifoveal hue on multicolor image. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of AMN was made. Blue autofluorescence (BAF) image showed wedge-shaped hyperautofluorescence interspersed with hypoautofluorescent zones [Figure 2]a.
|Figure 1: (a) Color fundus photograph of left eye showing an area of yellowish brown depigmentation inferonasal to fovea (white circle); (b) multicolor composite showing loss of perifoveal greenish hue over the area of acute macular neuroretinopathy lesion along with pinkish discoloration (white circle); (c) line scan SDOCT image through the lesion showing thickening of outer plexiform layer (OPL) on the nasal side of fovea compared with the temporal side (white arrow). The difference in the OPL thickness can be clearly made out in blown up image in the lower panel (yellow rectangle) comparing with the temporal OPL (yellow triangle). Note the subtle zone of discontinuity of external limiting membrane beneath the thickened OPL (red triangle) and thinning of outer nuclear layer; (d) infrared reflectance image showing hyperreflectance corresponding to the AMN lesion (white circle)|
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|Figure 2: (a) Blue autofluorescence image of AMN lesion (yellow circle) showing an area of hyperautofluorescence interspersed with darker zones of hypoautofluorescence; (b) near-infrared autofluorescence image of AMN (yellow circle) showing hypoautofluorescence over the AMN lesion which is darker than the adjacent foveal and macular hyperautofluorescence|
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| Discussion|| |
AMN leads to variable disruption of photoreceptors seen as disruption of ELM and EZ. The resulting stress of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) may present as hyperautofluorescence while interspersed hypoautofluorescent regions suggest damaged RPE. Near-infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AF) image revealed area of hypoautofluorescence over the AMN lesion [Figure 2]b. Both BAF and NIR-AF depict RPE damage in this case which is a feature of AMN.
Our report depicts the imaging signatures of AMN using newer imaging modalities like multicolor, BAF, and NIR-AF. Studies with larger number of AMN cases will further validate our findings.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]