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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 855-859

Prospective study of factors influencing timely versus delayed presentation of preterm babies for retinopathy of prematurity screening at a tertiary eye hospital in India
The Indian Twin Cities ROP Screening (ITCROPS) data base report number 6



1 Srimati Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreoretinal Diseases, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
2 Srimati Kanuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreoretinal Diseases; Jasti V. Ramanamma Childrens' Eye Care Centre, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
3 Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Padmaja Kumari Rani
Srimati Kannuri Santhamma Centre for Vitreo Retinal Diseases, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, L V Prasad Eye Institute, L V Prasad Marg, Hyderabad - 500 034, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_561_18

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Purpose: To evaluate the factors influencing timely versus delayed presentation of preterm babies for ROP evaluation. Methods: Preterm babies (≤35 weeks gestational age, ≤2000 g birth weight) were prospectively included in the study. Timely presentation was defined as babies who presented for the first ROP screening within 30 days of birth and Delayed as more than 30 days of birth. An event survey to assess factors influencing timely vs delayed presentation was administered to parents/guardian of babies after obtaining informed consent. Results: Data of 278 preterm babies (n = 139 timely vs n = 139 delayed presentation) collected in the event surveys were analyzed. The delayed presenters came at a median duration of 6.3 weeks (1st and 3rd quartiles: 5.3 and 9.1) after birth. The odds of any stage of ROP was 2.6 times and the odds of sight threatening ROP was 6.8 times in those presenting delayed compared to those presenting timely. Major Reasons for delayed presentation were not asked to do so/no referral from pediatrician in 64 (46%) participants and unaware of the importance by 46 (33%) participants. Conclusion: Deviation from screening protocol is an important modifiable risk factor in ROP screening. The study findings suggest the need for creating awareness about timely screening and referral guidelines among the pediatricians involved in “care” of preterm infants at risk of developing ROP.


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