|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 7 | Page : 1253-1254
The additional role of unmodified iPhone X as a direct ophthalmoscope
Amar Pujari, Ashish Markan, Rohan Chawla, Meghal Gagrani
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
|Date of Web Publication||25-Jun-2019|
Dr. Amar Pujari
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room No 212, Second Floor, RPC-1, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Pujari A, Markan A, Chawla R, Gagrani M. The additional role of unmodified iPhone X as a direct ophthalmoscope. Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:1253-4
|How to cite this URL:|
Pujari A, Markan A, Chawla R, Gagrani M. The additional role of unmodified iPhone X as a direct ophthalmoscope. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jul 18];67:1253-4. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/7/1253/261060
Smartphone-based image acquisition is increasingly becoming popular in the field of ophthalmology. Higher resolution camera applications have made it possible to acquire high-definition images of the anterior segment, posterior segment, and the periocular lesions with great ease and at a lesser cost. We have described a few techniques of the anterior segment and optic disc image acquisition using a smartphone-macro lens combination (a small, magnifying lens attachment called the macro lens, no financial interest)., The cost of this lens is less than 2USD, and using this lens we were able to acquire high-resolution images. These are very simple techniques that help in a better appreciation of the finer details of the cornea, iris, retina, and the optic nerve head (for retina and the disc 90D lens is additionally used). In addition, we also highlighted the utility of this technique for the quantification of the iris torsion.
Using an unmodified iPhone X, Gunasekera et al. have described on how to capture the images of optic disc. We also performed an observation using unmodified iPhone X and found that the image qualities obtained by this technique are also of good quality. In addition, the details of the peripapillary area and the macula can also be better appreciated; however, this has been lacking in the previous observation by Gunasekera et al. [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b. Therefore, this expands the existing knowledge regarding the utility of unmodified iPhone X just to image the optic disc.
|Figure 1: (a) Optic disc (black arrow) and the peripapillary area (white arrow) can be better appreciated in their entirety. (b) Macula details including dull foveal details (black arrow) can be very well appreciated with unmodified iPhone X. Smartphone recorded videos possess better details as compared to the screenshots (standstill images) obtained from them|
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As significant ocular pathologies along disc, macula, and the peripapillary area can be documented with greater ease in one frame, the unmodified iPhone X can be helpful in imaging the major posterior pole retinal diseases. Therefore, the resident ophthalmologists and other practitioners can adopt these techniques and further refine them to maximize the utility of smartphone-based imaging technology in ophthalmology. This, in turn, helps in saving precious time in busy clinics to serve the patients better.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Pujari A, Mukhija R, Singh AB, Chawla R, Sharma N, Kumar A. Smartphone-based high definition anterior segment photography. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:1375-6.
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Pujari A, Mukhija R, Chawla R, Phuljhele S, Saxena R, Sharma P. Smartphone-based evaluation of the optic nerve head. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:1617-8.
] [Full text]
Pujari A, Mukhija R, Phuljhele S. Quantification of change in iris torsion using a smartphone. Ophthalmology 2018;126:126.
Gunasekera CD, Thomas P. High-resolution direct ophthalmoscopy with an unmodified iPhone X. JAMA Ophthalmol 2018;29:1-2.