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PHOTO ESSAY
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1470-1471

Multimodal imaging in a case of choroideremia


Department of Vitreo Retina, Aditya Birla Sankara Nethralaya, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Date of Submission28-Jan-2019
Date of Acceptance08-Apr-2019
Date of Web Publication22-Aug-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rupak Roy
Aditya Birla Sankara Nethralaya, 147 Mukundapur, E.M. Bypass, Kolkata - 700 099, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_218_19

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  Abstract 


Keywords: Blue autofluorescence, choroideremia, infrared imaging, multicolor imaging


How to cite this article:
Goel S, Saurabh K, Roy R. Multimodal imaging in a case of choroideremia. Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:1470-1

How to cite this URL:
Goel S, Saurabh K, Roy R. Multimodal imaging in a case of choroideremia. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 19];67:1470-1. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/9/1470/265110



Choroideremia (CHM) is a rare X-linked disorder that causes progressive degeneration of retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid.[1],[2] Multicolor imaging (MCI) is a noninvasive retinal imaging modality.[3] We report hithertho unreported MCI characteristics of CHM.

A 30-year-old male presented with complaints of bilateral night blindness. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/30 bilaterally. Fundus examination showed bilateral chorioretinal atrophy (CRA) and areas of RPE disruption with sparing of central macula [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b. Electroretinogram showed nonrecordable cone and rod responses. MCI (Spectralis; Heidelberg) [Figure 1]c and [Figure 1]d highlighted the residual RPE tissue at macula and the surrounding CRA much better than color fundus photography. Blue autofluorescence (BAF; 488 nm; Spectralis; Heidelberg) showed generalized decreased autofluorescence with residual areas of autofluorescence in the macular area representing RPE disease [Figure 2]a and [Figure 2]b. The residual RPE tissue was well visualized in infrared reflectance (IR) [Figure 3]a and [Figure 3]c as compared to green [Figure 4]a and [Figure 4]c and blue reflectances [Figure 4]b and [Figure 4]d. The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal thinning and choriocapillary atrophy [Figure 3]b and [Figure 3]d; however, genetic testing was not available.
Figure 1: Color fundus photograph (CFP) (a and b) showed bilateral chorioretinal atrophy (CRA) and areas of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) disruption with sparing of the central macula. Multicolor imaging (c and d) highlighted the residual RPE tissue at macula (blue arrow heads) and surrounding CRA much better than CFP

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Figure 2: Blue fundus autofluorescence images in both eyes (a and b) showed generalized decreased autofluorescence with residual areas of autofluorescence in the macular area (blue arrow heads)

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Figure 3: Area of residual RPE tissue (blue arrow heads) was well visualized in infrared reflectance images (IR) (a and c). Spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal thinning and choriocapillary atrophy sparing central macula (red arrows) (b and d)

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Figure 4: Green reflectance images (a and c) and blue reflectance images (b and d) of both eyes showed area of residual RPE tissue (blue arrow heads) faintly as compared to IR

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CHM usually starts from the periphery and a central retinal island is usually preserved until late in the disease course. Patients usually have good vision until degeneration involves fovea. Amount of viable retina in CHM can be assessed reliably by BAF. BAF usually shows bilateral, symmetric, midperipheral zones of hypoautofluorescence due to RPE atrophy with preserved area of central stellate autofluorescence.[4] In the present case, the amount of viable retina is picked up clearly by MCI. This area was best seen in IR channel because it visualizes structures at the level of outer retina, RPE and choroid. This report highlights the utility of MCI in evaluating viable retina in CHM. MCI may be used to document disease progression in CHM.

Acknowledgements

Ms Marina Parvin, Ms Moupiya Das.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Rafuse EV, Choroideremia MC. A pathological report. Can J Ophthalmol 1968;3:347-52.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Rubin ML, Fishman RS, McKay RA. Choroideremia. Study of a family and literature review. Arch Ophthalmol 1966;76:563-74.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Tan AC, Fleckenstein M, Schmitz-Valckenberg S, Holz FG. Clinical application of multicolor imaging technology. Ophthalmologica 2016;236:8-18.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Hariri AH, Ip MS, Girach A, Lam BL, Fischer MD, Sankila EM, et al. Macular spatial distribution of preserved autofluorescence in patients with choroideremia. Br J Ophthalmol 2018. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312620.  Back to cited text no. 4
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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