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PERSPECTIVE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 13  |  Page : 124-127

Retinopathy of prematurity care in peripheral districts in Odisha, India: Pilot for a sustainable model


1 Department of Retina and Vitreous, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Capital Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Capital Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Department of Ophthalmology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
5 Department of Ophthalmology, MKCG Medical College, Berhampur, Odisha, India
6 Department of Ophthalmology, District Headquarter Hospital, Mayurbhanj, Odisha, India
7 Department of Ophthalmology, District Headquarter Hospital, Balasore, Odisha, India
8 Associate Professor, Public Health Foundation, Hyderabad, India
9 Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tapas R Padhi
LV Prasad Eye Institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar - 751 024, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1914_19

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The outcome of a retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) program initiated in five districts of Odisha over 3 years with partnerships between the government and non-government organizations was prospectively analyzed. The mentoring partners trained the district ophthalmologists and neonatal care providers; the program was handed over when the trainees were considered competent enough to diagnose and treat babies with ROP. During the project period (July 2016–June 2019), 3058 babies were examined; ROP was detected in 33.81% (n = 1034) and 5.06% (n = 159) babies required treatment. At the end of the project, ROP screening was possible in all five districts, and treatment was possible in three districts. ROP care nodal centers were built in one government medical college. To strengthen the initial gain, we recommend creating an Odisha Retinopathy of Prematurity (OD-ROP) steering committee with private–public partnerships to support the program and monitor its progress in other districts of Odisha.


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