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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 750-754

Prevalence and risk factors of active trachoma among primary school children of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia


Department of Statistics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Amhara, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Garoma W Basha
Department of Statistics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, P.O. Box: 79, Amhara
Ethiopia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_143_19

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Purpose: Trachoma is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. It is caused by conjunctival infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of active trachoma among primary school children in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2018. Data on sociodemographic and health characteristics of a child were collected using a structured questionnaire and eye examination for this study. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression statistical analyses were used to determine the prevalence and risk factors of active trachoma among primary school children living in Amhara region, Northwest Ethiopia. Results: The prevalence of active trachoma among primary school children living in Amhara region was 10.3% in this study. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that children who wash their face at least two times per day (AOR = 0.37, 95% CI: 0.14–0.97), children with no flies on their face (AOR = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.10–0.30) had significantly lower risk of being infected by trachoma and children of households who spend 30 min to 1 h to fetch water (AOR = 10.02, 95% CI: 1.10–93.53) had significantly higher risk of being infected by trachoma in the study area. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that risk factors: frequency of face washing per day, presence of flies on child's face during interview, and time required to fetch water for the household were found to be significantly associated with trachoma. Therefore, the study recommends that any concerned bodies directed at prevention and control of trachoma among primary school children living in Amhara region should give special attention to these factors. Implementing the World Health Organization (WHO) endorsed SAFE (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness, Environmental improvement) strategy was recommended for the effective prevention and control of trachoma in the study area since the prevalence of active trachoma, 10.3% was higher than the WHO recommended thresholds (>10% prevalence).


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