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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 886-889

Low-vision intervention in individuals with age-related macular degeneration

1 Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology and Research Academy (SASTRA) University, Thanjavur; Department of Optometry, Low Vision Care Clinic, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajiv Raman
Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, 18 College Road, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1093_19

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Purpose: The objective of this study was to estimate the level of visual impairment in patients diagnosed to have age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) who presented to low-vision care (LVC) clinic at a tertiary eye care center in India, to analyze the type of distant and near devices prescribed to them and to compare the visual benefit in different age groups among patients with ARMD. Methods: A retrospective review was done for 91 patients with low-vision secondary to ARMD who were referred to the LVC clinic from 2016 to 2017. Demographic profile: age, gender, occupation, ocular history, visual acuity status, and type of low-vision device (LVD) preferred were documented. The details of LVDs and subsequent improvements were noted. Result: Of the 91 patients, 64 (70.3%) were men and 27 (29.7%) were women. Of the cases which were referred, 36.26% had a severe visual impairment (VI), 32.96% had moderate VI, 28.57% had mild VI, and 5.49% had profound VI. The majority of the patients had myopia 57 (62.63%), followed by hyperopia in 25 (27.47%) subjects. The subjects were divided into three groups based on age 40–65 years, 66–75 years, and above 75 years for the analysis of VI. There was a statistically significant improvement (P < 0.01) in near vision with the help of LVDs in all three groups. SEE TV binocular telescope was the most commonly prescribed LVD for viewing distant objects. The most commonly preferred magnifier for near work was half-eye spectacle (56%) followed by stand magnifier (9.9%) and portable video magnifier (9.9%). Conclusion: The use of LVDs can help these patients with ARMD in cases where medical and surgical treatment have no or a limited role in restoring useful vision.

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