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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 1569-1572

Correction of preexisting astigmatism by penetrating arcuate keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery

Vision Eye Centre, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kirti Rani
Vision Eye Centre, 19, Sirifort Road, New Delhi - 110 049
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_2060_19

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Purpose: To evaluate the astigmatism correcting effect of penetrating arcuate keratotomy (AK) done during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS). Methods: In this nonrandomized prospective study, 80 eyes of 70 patients were studied. The study included patients who underwent combined FLACS and AK, with corneal astigmatism ranging from 0.4 to 1.5 diopters (D). Femtosecond laser-assisted penetrating arcuate keratotomies were created at 8 mm optical zone at 80% depth and were centered at the limbus. Keratometric astigmatism was measured prior to and 3 months post-surgery. Vector analysis was performed using Power vector analysis method. Results: The mean preoperative keratometric astigmatism without accounting for axis was 0.85 ± 0.27 D, which reduced significantly to 0.47 ± 0.27 D at 3-month follow-up. The mean astigmatism correction attained without accounting for axis was 0.38 ± 0.32 D. The vector corrected mean preoperative astigmatism was 0.85 ± 0.27 D which reduced significantly to 0.50 ± 0.31 D postoperatively (P < 0.001, 95% CI). Vector corrected mean astigmatism correction attained was 0.35 ± 0.38 D. There were no significant intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion: Preexisting astigmatism can be tackled effectively with penetrating AK during FLACS although under correction is observed with present nomograms. Further refinements may achieve better correction.

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