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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1764-1773

Viral anterior uveitis

1 Department of Uveitis and Ocular inflammation, Vittala International Institute of Ophthalmology and Prabha Eye Clinic and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Uveitis and Ocular Inflammation, Medical Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Singapore
4 Singapore National Eye Centre; Singapore Eye Research Institute; Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore; Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore, Singapore
5 Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kalpana Babu
504, 40th Cross, Jayanagar 8th Block, Bangalore - 560 070, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_928_20

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Viral anterior uveitis (VAU) needs to be suspected in anterior uveitis (AU) associated with elevated intraocular pressure, corneal involvement, and iris atrophic changes. Common etiologies of VAU include herpes simplex, varicella-zoster, cytomegalovirus, and rubella virus. Clinical presentations can vary from granulomatous AU with corneal involvement, Posner-Schlossman syndrome, Fuchs uveitis syndrome, and endothelitis. Due to overlapping clinical manifestations between the different viruses, diagnostic tests like polymerase chain reaction and Goldmann-Witmer coefficient analysis on the aqueous humor may help in identifying etiology to plan and monitor treatment.

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