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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1844-1851

Pars plana vitrectomy in uveitis in the era of microincision vitreous surgery

Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reema Bansal
Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1625_20

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Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in uveitis is indicated for various diagnostic and therapeutic indications. With the advent of microincision vitreous surgery (MIVS), the use of PPV in uveitis has increased with a wider spectrum of indications due to shorter surgical time, less patient discomfort, less conjunctival scarring, and a decreased rate of complications as compared to standard 20G vitrectomy. Because of faster post-operative recovery in terms of visual improvement and reduction of inflammation, and reduced duration of systemic corticosteroids, MIVS has gained popularity in uveitis as an adjunctive therapy to the standard of care medical therapy. The safety and efficacy of MIVS is related to the emerging vitrectomy techniques with better and newer cutters, illuminating probes, and accessory instruments. Because of the instrumentation and fluidics of MIVS, PPV is emerging as a safe and useful alternative for diagnostic challenges in uveitis, aiding in earlier diagnosis and better outcome of inflammatory disease, even in the presence of severe and active inflammation, which was once considered a relative contraindication for performing vitreous surgery. However, for surgical interventions for therapeutic indications and complications of uveitis, it is advisable to achieve an optimum control of inflammation for best results. The increasing reports of the use of MIVS in uveitis have led to its wider acceptance among clinicians practicing uveitis.

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