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PHOTO ESSAY
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1967-1968

Surgical handling of uveitic membranes in pediatric phakic eyes


1 Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Uvea Clinic, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission30-Dec-2019
Date of Acceptance06-Jun-2020
Date of Web Publication20-Aug-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. D S Srushti
Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_2357_19

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  Abstract 


Keywords: Lens sparing procedure, membranectomy, pediatric uveitis, uveitic membrane


How to cite this article:
Srushti D S, Anilkumar SE, Kanakath AV, Narendran K. Surgical handling of uveitic membranes in pediatric phakic eyes. Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:1967-8

How to cite this URL:
Srushti D S, Anilkumar SE, Kanakath AV, Narendran K. Surgical handling of uveitic membranes in pediatric phakic eyes. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 25];68:1967-8. Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2020/68/9/1967/292556



Five- and three-year-old girls with similar presentation of right eye (RE) non-granulomatous anterior uveitis and secondary glaucoma were under steroid, anti-glaucoma medication and post-surgical Peripheral Iridectomy (PI) done 2 weeks back. Visual acuity of RE in case-1 was 20/120 and in case-2 was 20/1000. Anterior segment showed uveitic pupillary membrane with suspected complicated cataract [Figure 1]a and [Figure 2]a. In view of visual rehabilitation of the young children, with biometry ready, RE synechiolysis/membranectomy ± cataract extraction with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was planned. Under adequate viscoelastic, posterior synechiolysis was done. A clear lens underlying a dense fibrotic uveitic membrane was revealed [Figure 1]b and [Figure 2]b. By using Utthrata's forceps, the edge of the membrane was secured and peeled out in-toto to expose an undamaged clear lens [Figure 1]c and [Figure 1]c.
Figure 1: Clinical photograph of the right eye of Case 1: (a) preoperative clinical picture (surgical PI – at 11 ofclock position - occluded) (b) intraoperative picture after synechiolysis showing membrane over lens (c) intraoperative picture during uveitic membrane removal revealing clear lens (d) postoperative clinical picture (a, b and c: surgeon view)

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Figure 2: Clinical photograph of the right eye of Case 2: (a) preoperative clinical picture (surgical PI –at 8 ofclock position- patent), (b) intraoperative picture after synechiolysis showing membrane over lens, (c) intraoperative picture during uveitic membrane removal revealing clear lens, and (d) postoperative clinical picture (a, b and c: surgeon view)

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Postoperatively RE vision improved to 20/30 in case-1 and 20/240 in case-2. Both children had quiet eyes, visual axis clear, and IOP well controlled [Figure 1]d and [Figure 2]d.


  Discussion Top


In pediatric uveitis, cataract and pupillary membranes are possible causes of stimulus deprivational amblyopia.[1] Although cataract surgery with IOL has become a relatively safe procedure in pediatric uveitis,[2] case selection is vital. Pupillary membrane can be resolved with lesser complications than cataract surgery. When pupillary membranectomy is planned, it is important to keep in mind that the underlying lens may be clear or have minimal cataract. Apart from Varner,[3] Chan et al.[4] and Rosenberg et al.[5] literature describing the occurrence of pupillary inflammatory membrane as a separate entity, mimicking cataract and surgical handling of such a non-resolving thick fibrotic uveitic membrane and technique of its removal with an underlying clear lens in pediatric uveitis was found lacking.

Our article attempts to highlight the importance of lens sparing surgery. Preoperative imaging and biometry are recommendable in such situation. However, all possible measures should be taken to preserve the underlying clear lens during membranectomy.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Foster CS, Vitale AT, Kump LI. Pediatric uveitis. In: Foster CS, Vitale AT, editors. Diagnosis and Treatment of Uveitis. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers; 2013. p. 1214-52.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Nemet AY, Raz J, Sachs D, Friling R, Neuman R, Kramer M, et al. Primary intraocular lens implantation in pediatric uveitis: A comparison of 2 populations. Arch Ophthalmol 2007;125:354-60.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Varner P. Bilateral, simultaneous, uveitis-associated pupillary membranes. Clin Exp Optom 2011;94:490-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Chan NS, Ti SE, Chee SP. Decision-making and management of uveitic cataract. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:1329-39.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
5.
Rosenberg KD, Feuer WJ, Davis JL. Ocular complications of pediatric uveitis. Ophthalmology 2004;111:2299-306.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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