Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

: 1979  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 160-

Congenital glaucoma

LC Dutta, DN Bujarborua 
 Medical College, Gauhati (Assam), India

Correspondence Address:
L C Dutta
Dept of Ophthalmology, Medical College, Gauhati (Assam)

How to cite this article:
Dutta L C, Bujarborua D N. Congenital glaucoma.Indian J Ophthalmol 1979;27:160-160

How to cite this URL:
Dutta L C, Bujarborua D N. Congenital glaucoma. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1979 [cited 2020 Jun 6 ];27:160-160
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Full Text

Congenital glaucoma is not an uncommon condition; its incidence varies from 0.01 to 0.04% of ophthalmic patients. Though most of the cases are sporadic in nature, heredity plays an important role and is apparently autosomal recessive in character though several children of the same family may be affected. On the other hand, cases are on record in which the anomaly was found to be transmitted through several generations--thereby suggesting possible dominant inheritance.

Iwo families of congenital glaucoma with several ocular interesting features showing familial occurrence and dominant inheritance are described in this paper.

 Case Reports

Family (A): All three boys aged 12,8 and 2 years out of a family of 6 children suffering from congenital glaucoma with ectopia lentis were examined on 27.5.77 in the Eye O.P.D. of Gauhat Medical College. The parents and the 3 female children did not have any ocular or systemic congerrdal abnormality. There was no history of consanguinity of parents and no history of any specific maternal illness during pregnancy. Family History of maternal and paternal sides did not suggest any congenital abnormality in anp of their members, All the three children had enlarged liver. Two elder children had helminthic infestation. Sodium nitroprue side test for homocystine was negative in all cases.

Family (B): The father and two daughters of this muslim family of 7 children had bilateral congenital glaucoma. The mother, 3 male and two other female children were unaffected. There was no history of consanguinity of marriage in the family. The affected persons did not show any other ocular or systemic congenital abnormality.

The spontaneous haemorrhage in Case No. (A) II is difficult to explain, Becker and Shaffere mentioned that as large eyes are prone to trauma, hyphaema may occur in buphthalmos.[1]


1Becker, B. and Shaffer, R.N., 1961, Diagnosis and therapy of Glaucoma-C.V. Mosby, P. 194.