Year : 1988 | Volume
: 36 | Issue : 1 | Page : 15--16
Lacrimination in Sjogren's syndrome. Is Schirmer's test really a useful diagnostic tool?
DP Bhadoria, Anita Panda, KR Sundaram, AN Malaviya
Clinical Immunology Section, Deptt of Medicine, ALLMS., Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110 029, India
D P Bhadoria
Clinical Immunology Section, Deptt of Medicine, ALLMS., Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110 029
In the past, Schinier俟Q製 test was used as a diagnostic tool in Sjogren俟Q製 Syndrome. In this study, a comparison of 100 normal patients with 2l patients with Sjogren俟Q製 Syndrome has been made to study its reliability. It has been concluded that Schimer俟Q製 test is of a poor diagnostic value in Sjogren俟Q製 Syndrome.
|How to cite this article:|
Bhadoria D P, Panda A, Sundaram K R, Malaviya A N. Lacrimination in Sjogren's syndrome. Is Schirmer's test really a useful diagnostic tool?.Indian J Ophthalmol 1988;36:15-16
|How to cite this URL:|
Bhadoria D P, Panda A, Sundaram K R, Malaviya A N. Lacrimination in Sjogren's syndrome. Is Schirmer's test really a useful diagnostic tool?. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1988 [cited 2020 Apr 2 ];36:15-16
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1988/36/1/15/26171
Due to lymphocyte-mediated destruction of exocrine glands the secretion of various mucosal glands includ虹ng that of lacrimal glands decreases in patients with sicca complex (Sjogren s Syndrome)  In the past Schirmer's test has been used very frequently to identify the patients with Sjogreri s syndrome. In the present study, an attempt has been made to find out the feasibility of this test as a diagnostic tool.
Material & Methods
The first group consisted of 111 normal persons without any ocular problems with a median age of 40 (range 15-60) years. The second group consisted of 21 patients Sjogren's syndrome with a median age of 40 (range : 23-59) years. Schirmer's test (ST) was performed using a strip of Whatman No. 41 filter paper 5 x 3 5 mm, folded at right angle 5 mm from one end and inserted into the unanaesthetised conjunctival sac at the inner one third of the lower eye lid At the end of 5 minutes the strips were removed and the length moistened was measured starting at the fold.
Observations & results
[Table 1] shows the frequency distribution of Schirmer's test it shows that the lacrimation in patients of Sjogreri s Syndrome is considerably reduced (P ,.
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