Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

SYMPOSIUM
Year
: 2008  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 377--383

Posterior segment manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome


Alay S Banker 
 Banker's Retina Clinic and Laser Centre, 5 Subhash Society, Behind Ishvar Bhuvan, Ahmedabad 380 009, India

Correspondence Address:
Alay S Banker
Banker«SQ»s Retina Clinic and Laser Centre, 5 Subhash Society, Behind Ishvar Bhuvan, Ahmedabad -380 009
India

Ocular manifestations can occur in up to 50% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and posterior segment involvement is the most common presentation. The posterior segment manifestations of AIDS can be divided into four categories: retinal vasculopathy, opportunistic infections, unusual malignancies and neuro-ophthalmologic abnormalities. Retinal microvasculopathy and cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis are the most common manifestations, even in the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART). Highly active anti-retroviral therapy has been shown to cause regression of CMV retinitis, reduce the incidence of CMV-related retinal detachments, and prolong patient survival. Immune recovery uveitis is a new cause of vision loss in patients on HAART. Diagnosis and treatment are guided by the particular conditions and immune status of the patient.


How to cite this article:
Banker AS. Posterior segment manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome.Indian J Ophthalmol 2008;56:377-383


How to cite this URL:
Banker AS. Posterior segment manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2008 [cited 2019 Nov 14 ];56:377-383
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=2008;volume=56;issue=5;spage=377;epage=383;aulast=Banker;type=0