Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87--93

Thyroid associated orbitopathy


Rajat Maheshwari, Ezekiel Weis 
 Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Alexendra Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T5H 3V9; Orbit, Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology, Netraseva Eye Associates, Jalna, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajat Maheshwari
Orbit, Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology, Netraseva Eye Associates, Jalna – 431 203, Maharashtra

Thyroid associated orbitopathy, also known as Graves«SQ» orbitopathy, is typically a self-limiting autoimmune process associated with dysthyroid states. The clinical presentation may vary from very mild disease to severe irreversible sight-threatening complications. Despite ongoing basic science and clinical research, the pathogenesis and highly effective therapeutic strategies remain elusive. The present article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of this common, yet poorly understood disease, which remains a challenge to the ophthalmologist.


How to cite this article:
Maheshwari R, Weis E. Thyroid associated orbitopathy.Indian J Ophthalmol 2012;60:87-93


How to cite this URL:
Maheshwari R, Weis E. Thyroid associated orbitopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];60:87-93
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=2012;volume=60;issue=2;spage=87;epage=93;aulast=Maheshwari;type=0