Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 831--836

The efficacy of intravitreal dexamethasone implant as the first-line treatment for retinal vein occlusion-related macular edema in a real-life scenario


Mert Simsek1, Mehmet Citirik2, Serdar Ozates3, Dilara Ozkoyuncu2 
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Sorgun State Hospital, Yozgat, Turkey
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Ulucanlar Eye Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children's Health and Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mert Simsek
Sorgun State Hospital, Yozgat, Ahmetefendi Mahallesi, Sehit Cemal Simsek Caddesi, No: 37, 66700, Sorgun, Yozgat
Turkey

Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IDI; Ozurdex) injection for treating macular edema in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: This prospective study included 40 eyes of 40 patients with nonischemic BRVO and 31 eyes of 31 patients with nonischemic CRVO who received IDI injection as the first-line treatment for macular edema. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) value before and after the treatment; intraocular pressure; optic coherence tomography findings; and all ocular examination findings, including central foveal thickness (CFT) measurement and fluorescein angiography findings, were evaluated for each patient. Results: After the IDI injection, BCVA value increased (P < 0.001) and CFT value decreased (P < 0.001) in both groups. The recurrence rates of CFT elevation after the first and the second Ozurdex injections were 65.0% and 65.3%, respectively, in patients with BRVO and 70.9% and 68.1%, respectively, in patients with CRVO. A statistically significant correlation was observed between preinjection CFT value and postinjection recurrence of CFT elevation (P = 0.017). Conclusion: Treatment with the IDI injections resulted in significant short-term improvement in CFT and BCVA values in patients with clinically significant RVO-related macular edema. Moreover, we observed that high preinjection CFT value was associated with a risk of postinjection recurrence of CFT elevation.


How to cite this article:
Simsek M, Citirik M, Ozates S, Ozkoyuncu D. The efficacy of intravitreal dexamethasone implant as the first-line treatment for retinal vein occlusion-related macular edema in a real-life scenario.Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:831-836


How to cite this URL:
Simsek M, Citirik M, Ozates S, Ozkoyuncu D. The efficacy of intravitreal dexamethasone implant as the first-line treatment for retinal vein occlusion-related macular edema in a real-life scenario. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jul 4 ];66:831-836
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=2018;volume=66;issue=6;spage=831;epage=836;aulast=Simsek;type=0