Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 196--203

Visual function assessment, ocular examination, and intervention in children with developmental delay: A systematic approach. Part 1


Meenakshi Swaminathan1, Deiva Jayaraman2, Namita Jacob3 
1 Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Vision Rehabilitation Professional, Frontline Eye Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Chetana Trust, Arunachalam Road, Kotturpuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Meenakshi Swaminathan
Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
India

Children with special needs form a unique subset with regards to visual function and examination techniques needed to assess them. With more awareness among the general public, neurologists, and pediatricians, these children are referred for assessment to the ophthalmologist or optometrist and sometimes even to the rehabilitation professional at an early age. This clinical practice guideline and review gives a systematic approach for examining the visual functions of a child with special needs. It outlines the procedures to be followed with equipment needed in clinical practice. Functional vision assessment guidelines are also included. This is the first part in a two-part series, with the first part presenting clinical examination guidelines and the second presenting intervention and vision enhancement techniques.


How to cite this article:
Swaminathan M, Jayaraman D, Jacob N. Visual function assessment, ocular examination, and intervention in children with developmental delay: A systematic approach. Part 1.Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:196-203


How to cite this URL:
Swaminathan M, Jayaraman D, Jacob N. Visual function assessment, ocular examination, and intervention in children with developmental delay: A systematic approach. Part 1. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 24 ];67:196-203
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=2019;volume=67;issue=2;spage=196;epage=203;aulast=Swaminathan;type=0