Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

PHOTO ESSAY
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1164--1165

Giant retinal pigment epithelium rip in a patient with peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy


Vinod Kumar, Ruchir Tewari 
 Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ruchir Tewari
699, Sector 5, Vaishali, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh - 201 010
India




How to cite this article:
Kumar V, Tewari R. Giant retinal pigment epithelium rip in a patient with peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy.Indian J Ophthalmol 2019;67:1164-1165


How to cite this URL:
Kumar V, Tewari R. Giant retinal pigment epithelium rip in a patient with peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Apr 4 ];67:1164-1165
Available from: http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/7/1164/261058


Full Text



A 74-year-old lady presented with complaints of floaters in both eyes since 1 month. Best-corrected visual acuity was 6/12 in the right eye and 6/9 in the left eye. Fundus examination showed regions of subretinal bleed and a large retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) rip with folded edges in the right eye [Figure 1]a and subretinal bleed in the left eye [Figure 1]b. Fundus autofluorescence showed the RPE rip [Figure 1]c and subretinal bleed [Figure 1]c and [Figure 1]d. Fundus fluorescein angiography also confirmed the RPE rip [[Figure 2], top left] and subretinal bleed and also showed peripheral retinal degenerations [[Figure 2] and [Figure 3], top left]. Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) was suggestive of polyps in both the eyes [[Figure 2] and [Figure 3], top right]. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed thinned out choroid in both eyes [[Figure 2] and [Figure 3], bottom] and a fine epiretinal membrane in the right eye [[Figure 2], bottom]. Reticular drusen were also noted on infrared images and SD-OCT in the left eye [[Figure 3], bottom]. In view of good visual acuity, no intervention was sought. The patient has been on follow-up with maintained visual acuity.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}

 Discussion



Our case presented with regions of peripheral subretinal bleed and exudation, a classic finding of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy (PEHCR), in both eyes. ICGA showed presence of distinct hypercyanescent “hot-spots” that indicate polyps. Presence of a giant RPE rip in the right eye of the patient was a novel finding in our case. An RPE rip is a tear in the RPE that exposes the underlying large choroidal vessels.

PEHCR has been postulated to be a peripheral variant of AMD[1] as well as PCV[2] with multiple reports of concurrent occurrence. The presence of such a giant RPE tear in the periphery may point toward the coexistence of a large serous pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in the past. This finding along with presence of peripheral polyps adds credibility to the hypothesis of PEHCR being a peripheral variant of PCV as proposed by Mashayekhi et al.,[2] who documented a case with peripheral mounds of subretinal and sub-RPE bleed that showed polyp-like hotspots on ICGA.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Collaer N, James C. Peripheral exudative and hemorrhagic chorio-retinopathy…the peripheral form of age-related macular degeneration? Report on 2 cases. Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol 2007:23-6.
2Mashayekhi A, Shields CL, Shields JA. Peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy: A variant of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy? J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2013;8:264-7.