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   1992| July-September  | Volume 40 | Issue 3  
 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Role of orthoptic treatment in the management of intermittent exotropia
Vinita Singh, Satyajit Roy, Suman Sinha
July-September 1992, 40(3):83-85
PMID:1302231
30 patients of intermittent ACDS were studied prospectively for a period of 8 weeks to 1 year to evaluate the role of orthoptics in the management of these cases. In patients with convergence insufficiency and a maximum deviation of 25 PD or less the orthoptic treatment was found to be effective in offering symptomatic relief and improving binocular functional status. A reduction in the maximum angle of deviation by 4 PD to 8 PD was observed in 4 patients. Even though the basic angle of deviation remained unchanged in most of the patients, significant functional and symptomatic improvement was obtained in 64% to 85.7% of these cases. The long term stability of these results remains to be studied. In patients with a deviation of more than 25 PD there was no significant improvement in symptoms or reduction in maximum angle of deviation. In 6(37.5%) of these patients some improvement in the fusional range could be demonstrated on the synoptophore without any symptomatic relief.
  7,964 0 -
Selective suture cutting for control of astigmatism following cataract surgery
RK Bansal, Amod Gupta, SPS Grewal
July-September 1992, 40(3):71-73
PMID:1302228
Use of 10-0 monofilament nylon in ECCE cataract surgery leads to high with the rule astigmatism. Many intraoperative and post operative methods have been used to minimise post operative astigmatism. We did selective suture cutting in 38 consecutive patients. Mean keratometric astigmatism at three and six weeks post operative was 5.76 and 5.42 dioptres (D) respectively. 77.5% of eyes had astigmatism above 2 D. Selective suture cutting along the axis of the plus high cylinder was done after six weeks of surgery. Mean post suture cutting keratometric astigmatism was 3.3 D and 70% of the eyes had astigmatism below 2 D. After 3 months of surgery mean keratometric astigmatism was reduced to 1.84 D. Axis of the astigmatism also changed following suture cutting. 40% of the eyes showed improvement in their Snellen acuity following reduction in the cylindrical power.
  7,469 0 -
Blepharoptosis repair by modified sutureless Fasanella-Servat Operation (F.S.O)-A large series of 50 cases
VP Gupta, Rajesh Aggarwal, SP Mathur
July-September 1992, 40(3):86-89
PMID:1302232
A modified technique of sutureless Fasanella-Servat Operation (F.S.O.) using special curved haemostat for the correction of mild to moderate acquired ptosis with good Levator Palpebrae Superioris (L.P.S.) action (12 m.m.) was performed in a large series of 50 eyes. Excellent correction was achieved in 94.6% eyes with mild ptosis & 61.6% eyes with moderate ptosis. No operative and post operative complications were observed. The technique was found to be very safe, quick and effective.
  5,986 0 -
Maximal mydriasis evaluation in cataract surgery
Tony Ho, Richard Fan, Wong Wing Hong, Khoo Boo Khian
July-September 1992, 40(3):74-78
PMID:1302229
We propose the Maximal Mydriasis Test (MMT) as a simple and safe means to provide the cataract surgeon with objective and dependable pre-operative information on the idiosyncratic mydriatic response of the pupil. The MMT results of a consecutive series of 165 eyes from 100 adults referred for cataract evaluation are presented to illustrate its practical applications and value. The results of the MMT allows the surgeon to anticipate problem eyes pre-operatively so that he can plan his surgical strategy more appropriately and effectively. Conversely, the surgeon can also appropriately and confidently plan surgical procedures where wide pupillary dilation is important. The MMT has also helped improve our cost-effectiveness by cutting down unnecessary delays in the operating room and enabling better utilisation of restricted costly resources.
  5,038 0 -
CASE REPORT
Bilateral acute retinal necrosis-A case report
Palimar Prasad, NS Upadhyaya
July-September 1992, 40(3):96-98
PMID:1302236
A 42 year old man presented with acute bilateral uveitis and necrotizing retinitis. Systemic investigations including test for AIDS and CMV retinitis were negative. Despite oral Acyclovir, both eyes progressed rapidly to retinal detachment with loss of vision. Early recognition is necessary to diagnose the bilateral acute retinal necrosis syndrome and initiate treatment. Bilateral acute retinal necrosis (BARN) is a term first coined by Young and Bird in 1978 although the syndrome had been originally described by Urayama et al as an unilateral condition. This syndrome is characterized by the triad of acute confluent peripheral necrotizing retinitis, moderate to severe vasculitis and vitritis in an otherwise healthy individual. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment occurs within two to three months of the onset of the disease and the second eye is involved in 36% of patients, usually within 6 weeks. We herein report a patient who presented with simultaneous BARN leading to retinal detachment in a matter of days. Also, to our knowledge this is the first report of this condition in India.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Clinico-immunological aspects of vernal catarrh in hilly terrains of Himachal Pradesh
Bisht R, Goyal Asha, Thakur , Tej Singh, Sharma , Vijay , Goyal B K
July-September 1992, 40(3):79-82
PMID:1302230
Very few immunological studies in vernal catarrh have been conducted in India and abroad, but none in Himachal Pradesh in spite of its high incidence in the State. In the present study 25 patients of vernal catarrh residing at a height ranging between 1000 to 2500 meters above mean sea level have been evaluated. Their immunological status of serum and tears after detailed clinical assessment was studied by single radial immunodiffusion technique of Mancini et al. The values of serum IgA and IgM were significantly higher in patients than in controls. The serum IgE level had no significant difference. The IgG was significantly lower in patients with vernal catarrh. The values of tear IgM, IgE and IgA in these patients were significantly higher than in controls. However, in no case or control group C3C and C4 were detected in tears. The limbal type of vernal catarrh was found to be the most common in this part of the country. No mixed case was seen. Derangement of the immune system in the pathogenesis of vernal catarrh is suggested.
  2,814 1 -
CASE REPORT
Mesenchymal chondro sarcoma of orbit with intra cranial extension (A rare case)
Anila Khuteta, YC Mishra, CL Pandey, PK Mathur, Ravindra Karra
July-September 1992, 40(3):92-93
PMID:1302234
A case of Chondro Sarcoma of the orbit with intracranial extension in a 10 year female presented as unilateral proptosis and primary optic atrophy in the left eye and post papilloedema optic atrophy in right eye is being presented.
  2,567 0 -
An unusual orbito-cranial foreign body
Madhumati Misra, GM Khan, Amar Bikram Mohanty, Sanatan Rath
July-September 1992, 40(3):94-95
PMID:1302235
The rarity of orbito-cranial gun shot injury in both war and civilian practice has been reported. In a large series of 351 missile head injuries in the Vietnam war, orbital penetration was noted in 0.6% cases only. Review of literature shows that orbital injury was ipsilateral to the cerebral injury in most reported cases. We have previously reported a rare case of left parieto-occipital lobe injury due to gun shot wound of the contralateral (right) orbit. The case reported here sustained a bullet injury to the left frontal bone but the missile was located below the contralateral (right) optic canal. The rarity of the case prompted this report.
  2,400 0 3
Tuberculoma of orbit
Mehra K S, Pattanayak S P, Saroj Gupta
July-September 1992, 40(3):90-91
PMID:1302233
An interesting case of tuberculoma of the orbit, involving the whole of the eyeball with other orbital cavity structures, is being presented. This is very rarely seen in clinical practice.
  2,181 0 4
LETTER TO EDITOR
Colours for your eyes
Mohan Raj Nair
July-September 1992, 40(3):99-99
PMID:1302237
  1,959 0 -
EDITORIAL
Orbit-The often omitted structure by ophthalmic surgeons
TP Ittyerah
July-September 1992, 40(3):70-70
PMID:1302227
  1,756 0 -