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   1995| January-March  | Volume 43 | Issue 1  
 
 
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OPHTHALMOLOGY PRACTICE
World bank-assisted cataract blindness control project
R Jose, Damodar Bachani
January-March 1995, 43(1):35-43
PMID:8522371
  10,029 0 38
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Does oxidant stress play a role in diabetic retinopathy?
Mohan Rema, V Mohan, Anusha Bhaskar, K Radha Shanmugasundaram
January-March 1995, 43(1):17-21
PMID:8522364
The role of oxidant stress in the causation of chronic tissue damage is being increasingly recognized. Oxidant stress is usually countered by abundant supply of antioxidants. If concomitant antioxidant deficiency occurs, oxidant stress may produce tissue damage. We took up a study on antioxidant status in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with and without retinopathy and compared them with a control non-diabetic group. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) were significantly reduced in all diabetic patients, i.e., those with and without retinopathy. However, the lowest levels were found in the diabetic patients with retinopathy. Vitamin E and vitamin C levels were also markedly lower in the diabetic patients. There was a paradoxical rise in the catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the diabetic patients with retinopathy. This may be a compensatory mechanism by the body to prevent tissue damage by increasing the levels of the two alternative antioxidant enzymes.
  6,545 0 34
Ocular toxicity of tamoxifen
G Chandra Sekhar, Rukmini Nagarajan
January-March 1995, 43(1):23-26
PMID:8522365
Tamoxifen is an antioestrogen drug used widely in the management of oestrogen-dependant metastatic breast carcinoma. A number of ocular complications have been described secondary to tamoxifen therapy. We report two patients, one of whom had superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis and the other who had painful proptosis and acute angle-closure glaucoma with choroidal detachment secondary to tamoxifen therapy, both of which have not been reported earlier. In both patients the signs and symptoms resolved rapidly after the discontinuation of tamoxifen therapy. Awareness of the ocular toxicity of tamoxifen is essential as prompt withdrawal can result in resolution of most of the complications.
  5,888 4 7
CURRENT OPHTHALMOLOGY
The pattern of cataract surgery in India: 1992
AK Gupta, Leon B Ellwein
January-March 1995, 43(1):3-8
PMID:8522368
Surgery for cataract blindness, a major health problem, is undergoing a rapid transition. This study characterizes cataract surgery in India in terms of practice setting and surgical procedure. A survey questionnaire was mailed in December 1992 to 4356 members of the All India Ophthalmological Society, resident in India, requesting data on cataract surgery cases within the past 12 months. Two thousand one hundred thirty-four (49%) ophthalmologists responded to the survey. Of the 1,023,070 cataract cases reported, two-thirds were private patients. Among private patients, 26.0% received extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and 20.7% received ECCE without an IOL. Among patients operated under government auspices, 9.1% received ECCE with IOL and 22.4% received ECCE without IOL. Overall, 82.8% of active surgeons reported experience with the ECCE procedure. The cataract case load in the private sector and the frequency of ECCE, with or without IOL implantation, among both private and government-operated cases is greater than previously recognized.
  4,099 0 11
CASE REPORT
Reverse parinaud's syndrome due to pineal tumour
Vimala Menon, Sudarshan Khokhar, Radhika Tondan
January-March 1995, 43(1):31-32
PMID:8522369
  3,656 0 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Retinal detachment secondary to ocular perforation during retrobulbar Anaesthesia
Lingam Gopal, SS Badrinath, Sunil Parikh, Gajendra Chawla
January-March 1995, 43(1):13-15
PMID:8522363
The clinical characteristics and the retinal breaks associated with rhegmatogenous retinal detachments secondary to accidental globe perforation during local infiltration anaesthesia in five highly myopic eyes are presented. Retinal detachment was total with variable proliferative vitreoretinopathy. The pattern of retinal breaks was rather typical and predictable. Management involved vitreous surgery with internal tamponade by silicone oil in four eyes and perfluoropropane gas in one eye. At the last follow-up, all eyes had attached retina. One eye did not recover useful vision due to possible concurrent optic nerve damage.
  3,443 0 3
CASE REPORT
Spontaneous vitreous base avulsion in a patient with neurofibromatosis
Uday R Desai
January-March 1995, 43(1):33-33
PMID:8522370
  3,240 1 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Effect of monocular vertical displacement of horizontal recti in A V phenomena
Pradeep Sharma, Manoj Halder, Prem Prakash
January-March 1995, 43(1):9-11
PMID:8522373
Twenty-one cases of A V phenomena were subjected to monocular recession-resection procedure with vertical displacement of 8 mm in 11 cases and 5 mm in 10 cases. Both 8 mm and 5 mm shifts were found to be equally effective even in cases with mild or moderate cyclovertical muscle imbalance. However, in cases with oblique muscle dysfunction, residual vertical incomitance was observed in all such 13 cases and should therefore be avoided. Eight cases showed horizontal incomitance in extreme gazes and this was more with 8 mm shift compared to 5 mm shift.
  3,015 2 3
CASE REPORT
Trilateral retinoblastoma: CT evaluation
Srikrishna V.V Nunna, Raju Sharma, Sushma Vashisht, Manorama Berry
January-March 1995, 43(1):27-29
PMID:8522366
  2,854 0 4
Primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the orbit: A case report
RK Bansal, Amod Gupta
January-March 1995, 43(1):29-31
PMID:8522367
  2,274 0 4
OPHTHALMOLOGY PRACTICE
Collaboration between the national eye institute and Indian scientists in vision research
Carl Kupfer
January-March 1995, 43(1):45-46
PMID:8522372
  2,217 0 -
EDITORIAL
Combating cataract
G Venkataswamy
January-March 1995, 43(1):1-1
PMID:8522362
  1,884 0 3